This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Bourbon Reform & How It Affected The Independence Movement

1076 words - 5 pages

Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement
Introduction
Historians refer to the period 1759-1763 as the Bourbon Latin America, due to the praised reform activities that took place during this period. These reforms were developed and facilitated by enlightened government leaders and reformers like Jose Patino and Princes of the House of Bourbon. The importance of these reforms has made the earlier periods of Bourbon Latin America and the later periods of Habsburgs rule to be used together. Historical studies in this topic majorly base their interests on the first Bourbons that were slightly involved in the Spanish Succession War that took place in 1702 to1713. Habsburgs’ regime had devastated Spain as a result of the high number of wars and defeats the empire had realized both internally and externally. This country had faced bankruptcy; Spain soldiers even became weak in wars and escaped from the battles. Spain suffered in America from colonization of the English, the Dutch and the French. This enlightenment era and its effects came to be realized in the eve of Spain’s independence from its colonizers. The Bourbons were inspired to create a New Spain using mercantilist policies that were employed by regimes in the early modern world to revive their economies.
Bourbon Reforms
Filipe V succeeded in this Succession War, which allowed the Bourbon Monarchy to initiate reforms in effort to centralize Spain’s government; reform country’s financial systems; reinstate and reinforce the country’s military forces. The House of Bourbons had three princes, Filipe V (1700-1746), Ferdinand VI (1746-1759) and Charles III (1759-1788) that worked together to facilitate these reforms that modernized Spain completely. These reforms enabled the country to: arm itself with weapons, become industrious, engage and succeed in agricultural practices. These reforms were necessary so as to overpower influences by colonial powers like England that had dominated the region during the eighteenth century.
Charles III later reinforced the reform works of Filipe V. In the industrial sector, technical educational systems were instituted; barriers like stigmatization that existed in manual work were eliminated; foreign experts to work and improve locally established textile firms were invited. In agriculture, Charles III encouraged settlements of abandoned foreign peasant, protected privileges of agricultural corporations that had existed and among others.
Charles III also transformed the administration system from its complex nature designed by the Habsburgs regime to a French intendant system. This intendant system had made the Spain’s government realize increased efficiency in its administrative services as well as increased collection of revenues. This intendant system was effective in the big cities of Spain and the mining centers of the country. Spain nationals (Peninsulares) headed the new administrative system to facilitate its objectives. These...

Find Another Essay On Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement

How the Declaration of Independence helped and affected the American Revolution. With Works Cited

1576 words - 6 pages independence. On the second and third day of July, Congress debated and edited the committee's Declaration of Independence. On July 4 they finished editing and passed the final version of the Declaration of Independence we know today. That is why we celebrate the Fourth of July as 'Independence Day.' " (User's Guide 1)Research QuestionsWhat does the Declaration mean for all of us? How did it assist the American Revolution?SummaryImagine, such a

The Black Death: How It Affected the World

2666 words - 11 pages The Black Death: How It Affected the WorldThroughout the entirety of history, there have been a multitude of human disasters that have had astounding effects on the world. These disasters have included famine, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, floods, earthquakes, and armed conflict. Yet in the midst of the calamitous 14th century, Europe was struck by what is now thought of as the worst human crisis in its history: the Black Death (Konstam 118

Alcoholism And How It Has Affected Me

815 words - 3 pages not something I could control, and that I was predestined to have this disease. It was hereditary. I learned of the affects it would have on my reaction time, my nervous system, my thought process, and my reproductive system. I learned of all the different ways it changed my personality; how it made me a violent ill-tempered person, how my apathy for life was directly affected by my drinking, and all the lies I felt the need to tell were alcohol

Feudalism and how it affected old England

1011 words - 5 pages public credit by which scarcely conceivable levels of credit could be raised” (source A-10). In conclusion feudalism affected old England in a dramatic way. Without it England would not have a political starting point. England couldn’t have got to a capitalistic based government that they have. Feudalism in my opinion was a great starting point and it helped out the lower class by giving them land to own and receive some sort of income to

Advertising and how it has affected society

1029 words - 4 pages Fred D'AmicoTopic: How advertisers influence their consumers.Take a look around. Notice anything? If you didn't, it is because you are so used to looking at it everyday that you become immune to it. What is this "It"? ADVERTISING.Advertising is all around us. On TV, magazines, newspapers, internet, billboards, the radio, and even on vehicles. Why do these advertisers show their product so frequently? What are they trying to do? How do they

Robert Frost's life and how it affected the writing of his poem "design"

730 words - 3 pages Robert Frost - PAGE 3 - "He has bequeathed his nation a body of imperishable verse from which Americans will forever gain joy and understanding." This is how President John F. Kennedy described Robert Frost. Robert Frost's amazing poetry has been capturing the hearts and minds of readers around the world. The life Frost lived, and the poetry he wrote are a testament to his love for nature and his awe of the world.Robert Frost, who died in 1963

The history of cubism :how it started who it inspired ,ow it become such a well known movement ect

1213 words - 5 pages influence on especially the early years of the cubist movement an example of this artwork is Picassos Demoiselles d'avignon. The movement itself was not long lived or widespread, but it began a creative explosion to all artists thought out the twentieth century. The cubism movement is also described as a backlash to the impressionist period because there is more of an emphasis of light and color, and is expressed by showing off different views of an

What is Feminism and how it has affected out society

909 words - 4 pages man to take over a woman's duty at home. Another way women have changed the definition of men is politically.Many years ago women were not allowed to vote. But women changed that in the early 1900's. With the woman suffrage movement, it was courageous and persistent political campaigns, which lasted over 72 years, yet because of these women are allowed to vote today. This might have affected men greater than anything else, giving women power to

Title: The Black Death: Includes Symptoms Of The Disease, Causes, The Parts Of Europe Affected, How It Was Contained, And How It Was Discovered/Ended

422 words - 2 pages the plague became less common in Europe. There are many theories as to the disappearance of the plague. It wasn't till the 19th century that scientist figured out how the germ, Yersinia pestis, could cause disease.Sources"Black Death", "Plague." Microsoft Encyclopedia Standard. 2005 ed. CD-ROM. Microsoft Encarta.Lane, John. "Great Plague of London." ."The Great Plague."

What is War and How Has It Affected Our World?

1814 words - 8 pages this technique skillfully under the theory that no matter how big the lie is, people will believe it if you repeat it enough. This theory and Hitler’s unmatched confidence, persuasive techniques, and speech writing skills, lead the German people to turn on the Jewish people and alienate them from normal society. When he rose to complete power as the Fuhrer, meaning leader or guide, invaded Poland which caused war to break out in Europe between the

4 Stages Of Growth And How It Affected Me

782 words - 3 pages anything about its environment and it is up to the parents to advise and teach the child about the environment, teach the infant how to survive, act and, judge things. Sure after a certain age a child can break out of his/her parents control and change but I think it is rare that happens.

Similar Essays

How Music Affected The Anti Vietnam Movement

1503 words - 6 pages another country wasn’t in the best interests for the United States and because of this the anit-Vietnam movement began. The movement grew until it was a powerful protest moment raging throughout the whole country. The goal of this movement was to pressure politicians and leaders to bring back the troops. Music played a huge part in the movement with many popular musicians voicing their opinions thought the power of music. An example of how music

The Brazilian Independence Movement Essay

1402 words - 6 pages independence movement from Portugal was a very swift and painless movement. After being given a look at how an independent country ran when The Portuguese royal family moved to Brazil, Brazilian nationalism took hold of the country and in 1822 they declared their independence. After Brazil declared its independence, it severed its ties with Portugal and started to build up a bustling economy. The movement had a great outcome and lead to many

The Great Reform Movement Essay

1778 words - 7 pages the reforms." The cadets remained loyal to Yaun Shihkai long afterthey graduated and played a pivotal role in the demise the Qing.In, continuance, the reform of the civil administration was critical in theadvancement of China. The establishment of the formal postal system was of great use inChinese society. Lui Kuni and Chang Chih-Tung state, "It has been learned that in allforeign nations, the postal administration is a big source of government

The Progresive Reform Movement Essay

899 words - 4 pages issue that defined several presidencies. The Progressive Movement was a result of a century of economic and social neglect. It strived to correct the economic, social, political, and moral justices that had plagued the 19th century and to instill fairness and equal rights for all. Two key goals of the Progressive Movement were to reform the political system and to create fairness in the economic world. This was achieved through a series of