Bracero Program Essay

1703 words - 7 pages

Bring Back the Bracero Program
Each day more and more immigrants legally or illegally cross the US border in search of
better life. The United States of America is one of the most powerful countries in the world that
treats immigrants better than any other country. The US government gives them a great
personal and political freedom which is very important for most of the immigrants. Moreover, in
this country they are able to get good jobs and to take advantages of America’s social services.
There are thousands of immigrants from Mexico and Central America who live here legally or
not. They leave their families and relatives and move to the foreign country in order to help
them. ...view middle of the document...

Farm workers left the fields in order to get good paying jobs in defense industry.
Therefore, the United States turned to Mexico as a supplier for farm working labor. On July 1942
the Brocero Program was established by executive order. It was an agreement between the
United States and Mexican governments which permitted Mexican agricultural workers legally
move to the US and work in the field and on railroads. Also, it guaranteed certain benefits and
protection for Mexican workers; however, nothing was done properly. Near 4.5 million
braceros, who were mostly from rural areas, came through this program. Many Mexicans who
were not able to get permit moved to the US illegally. According to Daily News [Los Angeles,
Calif] “Many returned to their native countries bitter over the forced medical exams and
humiliation they faced in the fields. Braceros sprayed with toxic pesticides at border
entry points often fell sick.” Also, they never get the 10 percent of the salaries that
were promised by the US and Mexican Governments. In 1960s the foreign guest worker
program was stopped. Henry B. González said,”… I helped lead the fight to end the
bracero program, because it led to deplorable conditions for farmworkers here. At that
time, the Christian Science Monitor found that "bracero" occupy in the agricultural
economy of the Southwest a place roughly comparable to that of slaves in the onetime
cotton empire of the Old South." Now, there are some arguments about bringing back
this program.
First, the Bracero Program should be brought back because this program may give a
chance to immigrants to live in the country legally. It means that they will be able to get good
paying jobs and help their families back in Mexico. Moreover, less people will enter to the
country illegally. There is something terrible takes place on the border between the US and

Stepanian 4
Mexico, so this program can prevent many horrible things that happen here. According to John
Fund’s article, Cross Country: Bring Back the Braceros “Then there is the issue of corruption.
Despite vigorous screening that accepts only one out of 30 applicants, more and more Border
Patrol agents are accepting payoffs from smugglers of drugs or people.“ People who move to the
country illegally have no choice because it takes too long to get papers. Most of them do not
have works in their home countries and cannot take care of their families. It is scary when
parents do not have anything to feed their young hungry children. Being in the country illegally
motivates immigrants to do good work and keep their employment stable. They are ready to
work hard and earn adequate money in order to have better life. In novel Enrique’s Journey
Sonia Nazario states that “Immigrants do certain backbreaking jobs at low wages which provides
goods and...

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