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Braces And Crohn's Disease Essay

1291 words - 5 pages

When an individual receives braces, there may be some discomfort and aphthous stomatitis. Although this may seem like something most do not experience, this problem is more commonly called a canker sore. Although the sore may seem more annoying than anything else, there are links between patients with cankers and a diagnosis of Crohn’s disease. These small lesions may change the microbiota of the mouth, leading to a change of the gut microbiota. Because it is believed that Crohn’s disease is related to a change in the gut microbiota, it is possible that the oral lesions and Crohn’s disease are related, but now it might be true that braces also have an effect.
The microbiota, or the microbes living in and on a person, is an important contribution to the health of a person. The mouth, like every other part of the body, is overloaded with microorganisms, including viruses, protozoa, archaea, and bacteria. There are about 1000 different species of bacteria in the mouth. The most commonly seen species of bacteria phyla found in the mouth Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Spirochaetes, Synergistetes, and Tenericutes. The oral flora is important to maintain, and periodontitis, imflammation of the gums, is one specific disease of the mouth that is due to a contribution of a change in the microbiota. In order to maintain a healthy oral microbiota, brushing teeth with toothpaste and flossing are recommended. The mouth is known to be the cause for many diseases, especially heart disease due to the easy access to the bloodstream (Wade). The microbiota is made up of many types of bacteria that work together to maintain proper health when the patient has good oral hygiene habits.
Braces are a form of dental treatment designed to straighten and align teeth. Alignment of the teeth is not only important for appearance and confidence, but also to correct any problems with the jaw. Millions of people in the United States, both children and adults, have braces in order to improve their smiles and health. Good oral health is important, as changing the microbiota of the mouth can be detrimental to health. Braces come in a variety of colors and materials, but the most conventional braces are metal brackets that are attached to the teeth and connected with a thin wire that is held to the braces with small, usually colorful, elastics. In a recent study, it was observed that the bacteria P. gingivalis, T. forsythia, and T. denticola were more prevalent in patients with braces and caused periodontitis. This study suggests that there is potentially a shift in the microbiome of their mouth when a patient receives orthodontic treatment. It is additionally suggested that T. forsythia is associated with periodontitis, which is more common in patients with braces. The information that is understood could allow patients with braces to take a more active role in the oral hygeiene, and it will allow the orthodontist to monitor the shift in bacteria...

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