The brain begins to develop in the mother’s womb and continues to develop as the child develops. The development of the brain contributes to the functioning of the body by controlling functions such as fine and gross motor skills, vision, and memory. The brain does not develop at the same pace for all children. Therefore, engaging children in physical activities, learning activities, and communication will assist with brain development. Due to advancements in technology, the world is able to understand how important brain research is to the early detection of autism.
Leo Kanner is the first person to formally identified autism. In 1943, Kanner labeled autism as “autistic ...view middle of the document...
Autistic infants tend to stray away from other people, avoiding touch and become limp or stiff when picked up or help.
Additionally, autistic children do not reach maturation as fast as normal children. A normal child will point to objects or smile when seeing their mother before the end of their first year, but children with autism develop this behavior much later. These symptoms may go on unnoticed by parents or doctors in infancy, but by the age of two or three it is clear that something is wrong.
Although most neurological studies seem to indicate a dysfunction in the brain as a possible reason, the cause for autism remains unclear. However, ASD has been found in children with brain abnormalities and genetic syndromes such as fragile X syndrome. In some instances, ASD may be hereditary as shown by twin studies that cite there is a substantially higher rate in identical twins. Statistics have found that the rate of autism in twins is 65% to 90% higher than in children who are just siblings (Palmer and Priven 1999).
When assessing ASD, the child’s history must be taken into consideration. Aspects of ASD assessment will vary depending on the child's age, history, and previous evaluations. The child’s history would include the mother’s pregnancy and the development of the child. Milestones in communication and motor skills will be recorded. If any abnormalities are found, doctors will then discuss the child’s medical history (i.e. seizures, hearing impairments, visual impairments, etc.). Doctors will have such intense discusses with the family about the child’s history because there is not a specific laboratory test for ASD. Early intervention for ASD is critical.
Early intervention for ASD can include special diets and vitamin supplements. New research has shown a lot of evidence that supports the role one’s diet can play in the cause of ASD. Gluten and casein, which are two proteins, have been found to be the primary cause of negative behaviors in children with ASD. Gluten is found in many grains and food starches.
Casein is found in milk, products containing, and it can be added to non-milk products. Some parents have reported that their child has shown dramatic improvements after gluten and casein were removed from their child’s diet. The theory is that some children with ASD cannot properly digest gluten and casein, which break down into substances that act like drugs in their body. As with...