Branches Of Government Essay

1142 words - 5 pages

The US Constitution is one of the most important documents to have been written in history. The first three articles of this document setup the way the United States is run today. article one defines legislative power, article two defines Executive power and article three defines Judicial power. These three articles define the government we have today and brings up some questions. Why did our forefathers divide the government into three pieces? This certainly becomes a topic for discussion. How are the three branches of the United States government supposed to act? Is the system that our forefathers put in place successful? How was the conflict between supporters of a strong federal government and champions of state's characterized then as opposed to now? And how could things have been designed more efficiently? The answers to these questions are critical to understanding where we are a today as a government and a people. This leads us to the first question, Why do we have three branches of government?Our forefathers divided the government into three separate branches, Legislative, Executive and Judicial. The primary duty of the Legislative branch is to create bills and manage the monetary portions of the government through Congress. Congress consists of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives is based on the population of the state and the Senate gets two seats for each state. Together the two houses pass bills that the executive branch approves to become a law or deny to die or resubmitted.The Judicial branch is in charge of upholding the laws that are put into action by the executive branch. This branch oversees the court system of the United States and is the head of the Supreme Court. The highest court of the land is the Supreme Court.The leader of the executive branch is the President. The President is elected by the country and serves a four-year term and is the Commander in Chief. The executive branch is in charge of running the government. This branch also includes the Vice President and cabinet members.The forefather's hope was that the three different branches of government would be able to keep the each other in check. The branches have equal power and no decision can be made without the others approval.The three branches of government in the United States are required to interact with each other. A brief description of what they do is needed to explain why the three are needed. The Legislative branch of government is in control of passing bills, how money is spent and passes the bills to the executive branch. Once in the executive branch the bills can be passed into laws. The judicial branch is charged with enforcing the laws that are approved by the executive branch. The Supreme Court is part of the executive branch and decides at the highest level what is constitutional. When all three are working and doing what they should be, it forms a checks and balances system that are supposed to...

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