Branches of Government
222 years ago, the United States government was created, thanks to a little document known as the Constitution. Within the Constitution, three branches of government were created; the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. Each of these branches have checks upon each other and keep the country running like a well-oiled machine.
Of the three branches, the first one to be outlined in the Constitution is the Legislative branch. This branch serves many purposes regarding the formation of the nation's laws. The Legislative branch, is a bicameral house, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each of these houses have different tasks that work together to create laws for U.S. Citizens.
As a team, Congress is required to appeal to certain interest groups, who come together to achieve political goals. These groups promote and suggest different types of legislation. Likewise, Congress is responsible for all impeachment cases. Two-thirds of Congress members must find one guilty, in order for that person to be impeached. A major role of Congress is the apportioning of the country's money. They are responsible for approving or disproving the government's spending of money.
The Senate, is made up of fifty people, two senators from each state. In order for someone to be elected as a senator, he/she must be at least thirty years of age, as well as a U.S. Citizen for a minimum of nine years. Unique to the Senate, are the approvals of presidential appointees and treaties. Also in the Senate, are leaders who are essentially senators with special and titles. One of these leaders is the Vice President of the United States, who votes on issues only in the event of a tie. Second, is the President Pro-Tempore, who is the leader of the important majority party. This person, as well as the minority party leader, are elected by members of their parties. Then minority leader keeps their party working together, while developing criticism of the majority party's bills. The majority party leader has the task of steering its party's bills. Leaders of both the majority and minority hold two of the most important offices in the senate.
The second half of Congress is the House of Representatives. The House is made up of 435 members who represent states based on population. States with more people, get more representatives. To be elected into The House, one must obtain twenty- five years of age, as well as seven years of citizenship. Once someone is elected into The House, they serve for two years, before needing to be re-elected. Over 90% of representatives are re-elected.
The leaders of The House are the majority and minority leaders, whips, and the speaker of the house. The Speaker is the most powerful leader, as he or she schedules bills, refers people to committees, and decides who to recognize first on the floor. The Majority and minority leaders are top assistants to the Speaker and the floor leader of their party....