Brave New World By Aldoux Huxley

1417 words - 6 pages

Science and Technology have a strong influence on the daily lives of the citizens in the world state. The first influence is through the use of drugs and in particular, soma. Soma is a drug that is used in the world state by everyone to create false happiness. When john, Bernard and Helmholtz meet Mustafa mond the leader of the world state, Mond explains the beneficial effects of simply consuming one drug on a daily basis. “Now, you swallow two or three half-gramme tablets, and there you are. Anybody can be virtuous now. You can carry at least half your mortality about in a bottle. Christianity without tears-that’s what soma is.” (Helmholtz, 162) In the world state, there is only praise for the drug known as soma, as there are no side effects the members of society fear of. Science and technology has reached a point where it allows a simple tablet to relieve its citizens of any sort of problem that they may encounter.  Furthermore Soma is produced in large quantities for consumption in order to suppress understanding of what is around the members of society. Secondly, along with the Soma consumption, the citizens are also influenced by science in everyday life by not being able to gain knowledge.  methods of gaining knowledge include: reading books or anything that promotes an idea. Using technology, the world state prohibits any type of reading. When small children are being conditioned to keep away from books, the procedure is presented, “Crumpling the illuminated pages of the books, the director waited until all were happily busy. Then, ‘Watch carefully,’ he said. And, lifting his hand, he gave the signal... There was a violent explosion... The children screamed; their faces were distorted with terror.” (16) even at a young age, the world state uses technology for children to understand what the society wants and does not want, repeatedly, so that they do not do so in the future either. In this case the world state does not want children to read, reading produces emotions and a greater spectrum of knowledge. Shocks are used in Neo Pavlovian conditioning as a method used for children to fear books. Finally, another influence the new technology has on the citizens in their daily lives is the prevention of aging, especially of their phisical state. “Work, play-at sixty our powers and tastes are what they were at seventeen. Old men in the bad old days used to renounce, retire, take to religion, spend their time reading, thinking-thinking!” (60) in the world state there is no age restrictions, this is because everyone looks the same. Living in this society allows people of all ages take part in the same activities at the same level (depending on their cast). This allows citizens to never have any responsibilities as they grow older and live worriless lives forever until their death. Science and technology is the focal point in everyday life of the citizens in the world state and with it the society flourishes in creating what the world controller...

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