Brave New World: How Science And Technology Is Used To Enslave Humanity. An Essay Into The Destructive Nature Of Technology In Brave New World.

991 words - 4 pages

Huxley's "Brave New World" is a novel that explores the way in which science can enslave humanity and take away individual freedom. The discourses operating in the text effectively construct social criticism and position the reader to consider the social commentary characterized in society. A discourse of class is represented in the novel in order to consider a world were people's destinies are predetermined. Politics is a dominant discourse that considers a world where individual freedom and values are sacrificed for a stable society to exist. In the novel, the family unit has been broken down and humanity has been sacrificed for promiscuity to exist through the discourse of sexuality.Huxley strongly emphasizes on the discourse of class to consider a world where social conditioning controls the daily functioning of society. In Huxley's dystopia world people are conditioned through behaviourism and hypnopaedia in order to form a stable society.They are engineered to be content with their rank in a world where love, viviparous reproduction and knowledge of anything beyond their status serves no purpose. For the few individuals who do not feel content, they are sent to islands and labelled as an outsider. In the novel, John the Savage is a character who is rejected by society, a state of mind that Bernard Marx could also identify with sympathetically. "Alone, alone....'So am I,' he said, on a gush of confidingness. 'Terribly alone." (pg 124). Through the World State Motto, "Community, Identity, Stability", Huxley is bringing forward the message that building community and identity serve to create stability, which is the umbrella that all other values fall under in this civilisation. The discourse of class represented in the novel constructs the ideologies of a world where social forces can lead to a loss of individual freedom.Huxley creates a dark version of reality through the discourse of politics where the state has ultimate control. In the novel, "History is bunk" (pg 34) and god is non-existent. Henry Ford is elevated to a god-like structure and the cross is relaced with a 'T'. "God isn't compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness". However, this vague religion that society conforms to is not for spiritual purposes of the mind, rather for pleasure-seeking experiences of the bodies. Through the character of John, the author focuses on the powerful and evil nature of science and how, ultimately, man will become the slave of machines. During the conversation between John and the World Controller Mustapha Mond, the savage states, "But I don't comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom. I want sin (Pg. 197). He emphasizes that a true life needs exposure to powers of both good and evil. However, society does not understand his values and beliefs. Huxley uses the character Mustapha Mond as a messenger to the reader to express the malevolence truths of the World State and the power the...

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