The official name of the country is the Federative Republic of Brazil. Brazil is the largest country in South America, it is located in Eastern South America and it borders the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil borders many countries including Argentina, Bolivia, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Brasilia is the capital and it is located in the Brazilian highlands in the country’s Central West Region. Brasilia was founded on April 21, 1960 and since then the population of Brazil has grown to about 201 million people.
Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, although people speak a variety of other languages. Some of the other languages spoken in ...view middle of the document...
She assumed office in January 2011 as the 36th president of the country and has held the position ever since. Before her ongoing term in office she was the Chief of Staff to President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva from 2005 to 2010. She was born December 14, 1947 and is a member of the Worker’s Party. The Workers Party is considered a left-wing political party; it is the largest political party in Brazil. It governs at the federal level in a coalition government with many other political parties.
The Brazilian legal system is based on Civil Law tradition; the Federal Constitution has been enforced since October 5th, 1988. The Brazilian Constitution is the supreme rule of the country and is characterized by its rigid written form. “The Constitution organizes the country as a Federative Republic, formed by the indissoluble union of the states and municipalities and of the Federal District.”(Murrary, Cerqueira & Kahn, 2013). The 26 federate states have powers to adopt their own Constitutions and laws. Their autonomy is limited by the principles established in the Federal Constitution.
Crime in Brazil involves elevated incidences of violent and non-violent crimes. “According to most sources, Brazil possesses high rates of violent crimes, such as murders and robberies; depending on what source you believe, the homicide rate is 22 or 27 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants according to either the police or the health ministry.” (Ford, 2013) Due to the crime rates Brazil holds a place in the top 20 countries for the intentional suicide rate. Brazil has roughly 21.8 or 27.1 homicides per 100,000 residents, muggings, robberies, kidnappings, and gang violence. Brazil is one of the most criminalized countries in the world.
In Brazil, the Federal Constitution establishes five law enforcement institutions are the Federal Railroad police, Federal Police, State Civil Police, Federal Highway Police, and the Military Police Force. The first three are affiliated with federal authorities and the latter two are subordinated to state governments. All police institutions are part of the Executive branch of either federal or state government. The Brazilian Federal Railroad Police, also known as the, Federal Railway Police was founded in 1852. They are responsible for patrols and security on federal railways in Brazil. This agency was created by decree of the emperor Dom Pedro II and was created to protect all riches that were carried on iron rails.
The Polícia Federal is the federal investigation police agency of Brazil. “It is subordinate to the Ministry of Justice, whose main assignments are the investigations of crimes against the Federal Government and its institutions, the combat of international drug trafficking and terrorism, cyber-crime, organized crime, public corruption and white-collar crime, money laundry, and also immigration and border control police” (Central Intelligence Agency, 2014). The Federal Police is the Brazilian equivalent of the American FBI,...