Brazil’s Bolsa Familia: Its Impact On Inequality & Poverty In The Long Run

2468 words - 10 pages

recommend that the government increase its investment in education to raise its quality if social inequality and poverty is to be reduced.
Soares et al. explored the impact of Bolsa Familia on inequality, poverty consumption, education, health care and labor force participation. They find that while the program contributed to reduction in extreme poverty and inequality, it also improved education outcomes and have an overall negative impact on labor force participation. However, they argue that Bolsa Familia have failed to impact health and nutrition. The authors also found that exclusion error (under-coverage) of the program stands at 59 percent and its inclusion error (leakage- which could be due to corruption and manipulation of the program) stands at 49 percent.
The authors also found that Bolsa Familia have a clear positive impact on school attendance as it effectively increased attendance and decreased drop-out rates. Their result on health is fascinating and at the same time disappointing. They found that Bolsa Familia had no impact on child immunizations and health check-ups despite conditionalities regarding the matter (Soares et al. 2010, 183). They argue that lack of health services might be a contributing factor to this problem.
Soares in his article “Bolsa Familia, its design, its impacts and possibilities for the future” gave an overall insight into how the program operate and discussed some of the challenges facing the program. Soares argued that apart from the success achieved by the program in areas such as poverty and inequality reductions, several other issues concerning the program remain unsolved.
For one, he claimed that non-existence of ‘exit pathway’ for beneficiaries of the program might make them cultivate a ‘dependency’ culture; lower their human capital; and reduce long-term prospects for such beneficiaries. He highlighted that an extreme solution to this problem would be the imposition of limits on how long a family could stay in the program- as with unemployment benefit while the “less extreme solution would involve investment of more money, time and effort on support for beneficiaries to help them find job or other source of income. This could be done by the government through job training, labor intermediation and microcredit” (Soares 2012, 13).
In relation to electoral incentives resulting from the program, Soares cautioned that such impact of Bolsa Familia “should not be seen as an electoral stunt” (Soares 2012, 27) but rather as the electorate rewarding good government “much the same way that a government that fosters price stability and employment should be rewarded by the electorate for doing so” (Soares 2012, 27). To conclude, he reiterated his claim that Bolsa Familia is not an opportunity generation program since “its articulation to things such as job training or microcredit is relatively weak” (Soares 2012, 30).
Hall pointed out in his article “Brazil’s Bolsa Familia: a double-edged sword?” that although...

Find Another Essay On Brazil’s Bolsa Familia: Its Impact on Inequality & Poverty in the Long-Run

Impact of Poor Governance and Income Inequality on Poverty in Pakistan

1657 words - 7 pages that those policies that decrease corruption will also be helpful in reducing income inequality as well as poverty. Hoeven (2002) is of the view that decline in income inequality coupled with stellar economic growth is desirable for poverty alleviation. Ali and Tahir (1998) tried to find out if the long run change in poverty was due to economic growth or income distribution. Their results showed that “one percent increase in income while

Micro-finance and its Impact on Poverty

970 words - 4 pages Despite the growing body of literatures about the microfinance and its impact on poverty, there are counter growing criticisms against microfinance in issues such as reaching the poor, unchanged poverty level, high interest rate, brutality in repayment processes, financial sustainability, and women empowerment. (Hossain, 2010). In terms of poverty reduction and reaching the poor people, the studies edited by (Hulme & Mosley, 1996) on the impact

Ethnic Poverty and Inequality in the UK

2695 words - 11 pages Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different brain imaging techniques in the investigation of epilepsy Epilepsy is a neurological disorder which is characterised by epileptic seizures. Seizures occur when there is an abnormal excess of synchronous neuronal activity in the brain (Fisher R S et al., 2005). Seizures are recurrent occurrences that can occur for a brief period of time often being undetectable or lasting for long periods

Diminishing Returns in the Short Run vs. Economices of Scale in the Long Run

1046 words - 4 pages employing more of all factors, its scale of production is enlarged and its average cost drops. The main distinction between these two principles is that "diminishing returns" applies only in short run as short run refers to the period where changes take place only in variable factors. While "economies of scale" is applicable only in long run with changes in all factors. Bear in mind, short run and long run are defined in

In the long run everyone will benefit from globalization

1968 words - 8 pages are able to store the waste and receive payment for this therefore improving their economic position. While the pessimists would see this as exploitation as the south becomes more polluted with possible effects on the health and welfare of the citizens as well as the environment, for what is deemed a small amount of money; which in the long run will probably be needed to sort out health and environmental problems caused by the pollution!As seen

The Impact of World Hunger on Poverty

1217 words - 5 pages 1: The social problem I decided to do research upon was world hunger and its impact on poverty. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 were initially created by Obama to end the recession. When this policy was introduced it focused mainly on ensuring that Americas could economically bounce back from this recession, mainly the low-income families that were the most devastated by this. However, after this policy was successful it

The Impact of Globalization on Poverty

2063 words - 8 pages , Selectronic, a company in Delhi, India takes doctors dictation from a toll-free number in the United States, transcribes the recordings, and sends the text back to a U.S. HMO (Porter). With the invention of the telephone and its spread to the world’s wealthier countries also came increased growth in the wealthier countries’ economies. The global marketplace is based on a winner take all system. The wealthy, “winning” companies and countries

Alternative Energy Sources In a Long Run

2299 words - 10 pages energy produced by dams. However, many suggest that wind energy and all other forms of energy just doesn’t work hard enough to fulfill a nation’s power needs and high taxes (Weeks). Today sevral efforts are being made to incorporate alternative energy. For example,In my school district; Parkway School District, efforts are being made in order to implement solar panels on the roofs of schools and administrative buildings to provide most of its

Instability in Eritrea and its Impact on the United States

979 words - 4 pages This paper will discuss the ability of Eritrea, a nation that is in the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa's (CJTF-HOA) Area of Responsibility (AOR), to influence an issue of regional importance and it's affect on the interests of the United States (U.S.). The regional instability that Eritrea creates or exacerbates has a global impact on the goals of the U.S. Eritrea provides support to armed groups, who commit violence and terrorist

The Impact of Legislation on the Problem of Poverty in the Sixteenth Century

2704 words - 11 pages The Impact of Legislation on the Problem of Poverty in the Sixteenth Century The legislation for poverty in the sixteenth century was affected by a concoction of factors. The most prominent ones being, the conducting of the legislation, the changes in belief, and attitude of the people and the economy. The impact of the legislation is so difficult to measure as there were a number of local schemes, which emerged at the

What are the assumptions behind the model of a perfectly competitive industry in long-run equilibrium?

956 words - 4 pages What are the assumptions behind the model of a perfectly competitive industry in long-run equilibrium?In this essay I will discuss the assumptions behind the model of a perfectly competitive industry in long-run equilibrium. The economist's model of perfect competition is highly theoretical, but is does provide a useful tool of economic analysis. In perfect competition the industry is made up of a large number of small firms, each selling

Similar Essays

Brazil’s Bolsa Familia: Its Impact On Inequality & Poverty In The Long Run

2546 words - 11 pages the program (in the short-term) have been successful in achieving two of its main goals –reducing poverty and equality– the ability of the program to sustain this positive impact in the near future (long-term) is doubtful without proper reform by the government. This paper will explore the long-term effect of Bolsa Familia on poverty and inequality reduction in Brazil, and I will argue that without proper reform of the program and further

The Impact Of The Central Bank And Long Run Economic Growth On The Economy

2173 words - 9 pages for a government to recognise that changes in revenue and expenditure can have an alternative impact on the government revenue & budget, however it may have different effects on economic growth in the long run. This shows true in the example of japan, whilst the £3.4bn stimulus package cost the government greatly it helped to boost japan out of a recession. By doing this, the Japanese government were ignoring the short-term growth of the economy

The Impact Of The Central Bank And Long Run Economic Growth On The Economy

1129 words - 5 pages Introduction To what extent is the central bank responsible for stabilizing the economy? Is LREC really vital to economic growth? In this assignment I will look deeper into these questions. This is important because economic stability depends on it, and without giving this topic thought thousands of households could be facing another looming recession. In this essay I will evaluate the three questions given with regards to the central bank and

Impact Of Poor Governance And Income Inequality On Poverty In Pakistan

2341 words - 9 pages There is widespread poverty in Pakistan and the two main reasons are poor governance and income inequality. Few studies have focused on the theoretical substantiation of impact of bad governance and income inequality on poverty, but we do not find any study carrying empirical work on the impact of bad governance on poverty in Pakistan. This study is an empirical research that attempts to find out the long run and short run impact of poor