In our class we learned a lot about the various military regimes that occurred throughout Latin America. However out of all the ones we discussed, Brazil’s dictatorship was never mentioned. I decided to write about it, but at the same time also compare it to the other military regimes in Latin America. Unlike most of the other governments, Brazil’s military one was not as brutal. It in no way measured up to the brutality of the Argentinian dictatorship or the ruthlessness of the dictatorship in Bolivia. However it was not an easy time either. Many Brazilians were exiled and many lost their lives because of this oppressive government.
To start it all off, the regime did not just occur from one day to the next. There were years of build up to the eventual bust up. Janio Quadros was elected as president in 1960 after Juscelino Kubitschek was in charge; he based his entire campaign on criticizing Juscelino and to outright corruption in his government. Taking his idea to a new level, Janio made his symbol a broom because he intended to clean the government up. Janio was only president for two years but during his tenure he increased Brazil’s relations with communist countries which did not make his opposition comfortable (Evanson). In 1961 he resigned as president and his vice president, Joao Goulart, was to be made into president. However when this happened Joao was in China and some of the heads of the military tried to prevent him from becoming president because they thought he was a communist and they did not want a communist head of state (Breneman).
On August 29, Congress voted against a motion to stop Joao Goulart from becoming president. This motion was brought to Congress by the heads of the three branches of the military. They believed that his inauguration would place the country "on the road to civil war" (Joao Goulart) The compromise was reached set up a parliamentary democracy, with Joao as President and Tancredo Neves as prime minister. However to the militaries dismay on January 6, 1963, Joao was able to turn the government back to a presidential democracy. However the country’s economy was in terrible shape, the currency kept dropping and he tried to stabilize it with financed aid packages but he could not get any foreign investment in so inflation went up, which set him at odds with the people once more. However Joao and the military’s relationship was fine until the navy revolted.
On March 25, 1964, around 1800s sailors assembled in Rio de Janeiro for the improvements of housing conditions and in favor of Joao's reforms. (Joao Goulart) The Minister of the Navy, Sílvio Mota, ordered the arrest of the sailors. However Joao prohibited any invasion of the assembly and fired Mota as Minister of the Navy. On March 26, the Minister of Labor, Amauri Silva, negotiated a compromise, and the sailors agreed to leave the assembly building, but they were arrested for mutiny. In protection of the sailors in his favor, Joao pardoned the...