Breast Cancer Essay

1740 words - 7 pages

The definition of breast cancer “is a malignant tumor that starts from cells of the breast”. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may grow to take over the breast. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it too (“What is” par.1). Being diagnosed with breast cancer could be very difficult to accept that you have it. There is so much information to learn about breast cancer itself. The female breast is made up mainly of lobules (milk-producing glands), ducts (tiny tubes that carry the milk from the lobules to the nipple), and stoma (fatty tissue and connective tissue surrounding the ducts and lobules, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels) (“What is” par.2). Getting a mammogram test allows women to determine whether they have the disease, and if so, the doctor can catch the tumor early before it spread’s. Being tested for breast cancer could take some time; therefore women have to be patient. “A mammogram is an x ray of the breast”. It can detect some tumors before they are large enough for women and there doctors to feel them (Nardo 26). Some women do not check themselves regularly at home like they are supposed to; some women that try to self check themselves do not tend to find the lump in their breast. Therefore, they visit their doctor for a mammogram to detect the disease before it is too late.
Dealing with the size of a lump can be very confusing checking for the lump yourself; it is very important to get checked out to determine the size and how long of a time you have to cure it. 0.3 centimeters is the size of an average cancerous lump found by a mammogram taken on a regular basis. If the lump is discovered at this size or smaller and treated, a woman’s survival rate for five years or longer is ninety five percent, 0.5 centimeters is a women’s survival rate for five years or more is ninety percent. 1.5 centimeters a women’s survival rate is from sixty five to seventy five percent if the lump is treated when it is from 1.0 to 2.0 centimeters, 2.5 centimeters of a survival rate is from sixty five to seventy five percent, if the lump is treated when it’s between 2.0 and 3.0 centimeters (Majure 40).
Once a lump size has been determined, a female needs to visit her doctor. Doctors discuss a large amount of general breast cancer terms such as Carcinoma which is a cancer that begins in the skin or tissues that line the inside or cover the outside of internal organs (“What is” par.11), Adenocarcinoma is a cancer originating in glandular tissue (tissue that makes and secretes a substance). This is also part of a larger tissue category known as epithelial. Epithelial tissues include, but is not limited to, skin, glands, and a variety of other tissue that lines he cavities and organs of the body (“What is” par.12). Carcinoma in situ is a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded the deeper epithelial tissue or spread to other parts of the body (“What is” par.13). Invasive (infiltrating) carcinoma is one...

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