Today in the United States, Breast Cancer occurs in about one in eight women which is currently the most common cancer among women. The number of cases is expected to decrease due to the advancements in technology and dedicated researchers. Scientists have put an estimated 4.8 billion dollars towards the research every year to help find a cure or a new treatment for breast cancer ("STAT Facts Breast Cancer"). Researchers have found causes, put in research and theories that help with understanding treatments, prevention and also common symptoms and coping mechanisms.
Breast Cancer, as well as other forms of cancer, scientists do know how it occurs, but they do not know an exact cause. There are some genes in our body called oncogenes, genes that have potential to cause cancer, that increases the speed of cell division while other genes such as tumor suppressors, cause the cells to die at the correct time. Mutations that occur in the DNA, which “turn on” the oncogenes or “turn off” tumor suppressor genes, will cause some of the cells to be cancerous in the breast("American Cancer Society"). Also, Breast Cancer can be increased by inherited gene mutations and acquired gene mutations. The risk of Breast Cancer can be increased dramatically, through the inheritance from parent to offspring, if a mutation occurs. For example, if a suppressor gene, such as BRCA, forms a mutation, then it is likely to be passed to future generations. This gene no longer suppresses abnormal growth, therefore there is a higher chance of cancer being developed. Even though Breast Cancer can be inherited it is more likely to be acquired through one breast cell. The acquired mutations could be a result of of radiation or cancer-causing chemicals. However, scientists still do not know the cause of acquired gene mutations. As of now there is a general understanding of how cancer occurs, but a cause is unknown.
Since there is not a full understanding of what causes Breast Cancer, there is millions of dollars donated to have Breast Cancer researched. Over the past twenty years, researchers discovered more about Breast Cancer and cancer in general, then the past five-hundred years together. Within the past twenty years Breast Cancer research has expanded to six continents rather than one. The Breast Cancer Research Foundation (BCRF), is a distinguished group of nine men and women who are devoted to understanding breast cancer. The approach of BCRF allows them to move their ideas to patients quickly. “We empower researchers to utilize their grants to explore new theories, conduct pilot investigations and partner with fellow researchers from around the world to deepen their work and thereby improve their results” (BCRF), which shows how they are able to expand their ideas to others. The goal of BCRF is to make new discoveries and have new approaches to Breast Cancer. With all of the research that is put into Breast Cancer, the causes and preventions are...