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Breast Cancer Essay

1778 words - 8 pages

The second most common type of cancer worldwide is Breast Cancer. This can occur in both men and women but significantly more common in women, men only account to one percent of cases all breast cancer cases . It is, in fact, the most common type of cancer among women, affecting more than 230,000 females in the United States in 2013. Two-thirds of women who have or had breast cancer are over the age of 50 and one-third are from the ages 39 to 49 (National Cancer Institute, 2013). There are several risk factors for this cancer. There are also many signs and symptoms that can be felt and noticed for early treatment. Various test and treatments are now available for all with breast cancer, but it still depends upon the severity and stage of the cancer. There are also a few ways to prevent having breast cancer. Even though it is treatable, breast cancer is still a huge problem for both men and women all over the globe, not just in the United States.
It was reported that there was an estimate of 234, 580 new cases and an estimate of 40, 030 deaths due to breast cancer this year for both men and women (National Cancer Institute, 2013). Breast cancer is not an uncommon disease; in fact it can be seen in all races and different situations. This is a cancer that originates in the tissues of the breast. There are different types of cancer, but all of these types are due the patient’s own cells that multiplied overwhelmingly, forming the abnormal tissues of the breast. These abnormal cells can also travel to different parts of the body, and when it does, the cancer is metastatic. The most common type is ductal carcinoma, which starts in the lining of the milk ducts. Another type is the lobular carcinoma, which starts in the lobules or milk glands of the breast. Different types can also differ in growing and spreading rates, some can spread and grow quickly while some can also take years. This cancer starts with a small tumor or as calcium deposits. It then spreads through these channels in the breast to the lymph nodes or it can spread through the bloodstream to other parts of the body. In some cases, these tumors can be benign or non cancerous but they can be precancerous or premalignant (WebMD).
Currently, there is still no clear and precise cause of breast cancer. There are, however, a couple of risks factors for this cancer. Firstly, being a woman put an individual at higher risks of having breast cancer. Risks also increase as a person grows older. Beginning a menstrual cycle before the age of 12 and beginning menopause at an older age also increases the risks. Women who take postmenstrual hormone therapy have higher risks. Personal history is another risk factor, if a person had breast cancer in one breast, there’s an increased risk of having it on the other. Family history is another, a woman whose mother, sister, or daughter had breast cancer is more likely to get it too. A certain gene mutations, most commonly the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, can be...

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