This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Short Biography Ivan Pavlov. Essay

646 words - 3 pages

Ivan Pavlov was born in a small village in central Russia in 1849 (Girogian). Born as the son of a priest, his family had high hopes of him graduating from seminary. After reading Charles Darwin, he found that he cared more for scientific pursuits and left for the University of St. Petersburg. There he studied chemistry, pharmacology, and most importantly, for him, physiology and received his doctorate in 1879 (Girogian). He continued his studies and began doing his own research in topics that interested him most: digestion and blood circulation. Pavlov's first independent work focused on the physiology of the circulation of the blood (World). He studied the influence of variations in blood volume on blood pressure. He also investigated the nervous control of the heart, and argued that rhythm, and strength of cardiac contractions are controlled by four types of nerves (World). It was during this first independent study that Pavlov used unanesthetized, neurologically intact dogs (World). This method became the mainstay of Pavlov?s methodology.In 1890, he became professor of physiology at the newly founded Institute of Experimental Medicine, where he remained until 1924 (Girogian). The work that made Pavlov world renown actually began as a study in digestion. He started studying digestion as early as 1879, and it was his major focus from 1890 to 1897 (Girogian). His work was an accumulation of observations on the nervous control of one organ system through the method of continual experiment. The study of digestion involved developing "fistulas" through which secretions from salivary glands, stomach, the pancreas, and small intestine could be collected (Discovering). His technique was truly unique in that he did not cut the nerve supply nor contaminate the secretions with food. He was examining the digestive process in dogs, precisely the interaction between salivation and the action of the stomach, when he realized the two were closely linked by reflexes in the autonomic nervous system. Without...

Find Another Essay On Short biography IVAN PAVLOV.

Behaviorism or Black Box Psychology Essay

1364 words - 5 pages everyday life. A physiologist known as Ivan Pavlov had a big impact on the field of psychology particularly, the behaviorist movement, he is known for coming up with the idea behind classical conditioning. Before his work in physiology he was a very religious man and had every intention of being a priest until he read a book that Darwin wrote which swayed him into a more scientific career (WGBH, 1998). What brought him to this theory known as

John Watson Essay

2013 words - 8 pages Greenville, he rose to high ladder of prosperity to become a famous scholar whose work was applauded by fellow scholars worldwide. Behaviorism Watson’s school of thought Watson formed the idea of behaviorism which later became the whole branch of psychology. He concentrated in studying biology, physiology and the behaviors of animals, a work which he was inspired by the recent work of his fore runner in the same field called Ivan Pavlov (WGBH

John B. Watson

2171 words - 9 pages Ivan Pavlov (WGBH, 1998). He studied children behaviors and later noted that human beings were a bit more complex than other animals, however, they use the same principles. He believed that all animals were machines that responded to situations in their environment. All of these ideas were published in his first article in 1913 which established behaviorism. Behaviorism or behavioral psychology is a school of thought that asserts that the process

Marketing Techniques: The Old Spice

1192 words - 5 pages to look like the old spic guy. The conditioned response would be when consumers try old spice and get the same type of feeling when seeing the advertisement. Ivan Pavlov was the first one to describe conditioning and proposed a model how learning occurs. He studied dogs, since dogs are always hungry and motivated to eat. Pavlov made a bell sounded then applied a meat paste to the dogs tongue which can cause it to salivate. On this one, the

Uimris Pper

805 words - 4 pages once by a man of the name Ivan Pavlov, who classically conditioned animals to be hungry whenever he rang a bell. They went through the same experiment so many times that it eventually altered their brain chemistry and the dogs would start salivating with the ring of a bell. That can also be applied to the way of someone’s upbringing in life and the event that can alter their way of being or reasoning. For example William’s daughter Grace, who is

Cognitive Behavioral Theory and Psychodynamic Theory

1948 words - 8 pages back in childhood. This is also known as one of the 'onion peeling' theories because it is a theory that allows an individual to strip down the layers of their psychological self to deepen an individuals understanding of themselves (Connolly and Healy, 2009). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy was first established in the early 19th century by Ivan Pavlov, a Russian psychologist, and his experiment with dogs (Sheldon, 2011). Pavlov discovered

Ernest Hemmingway

957 words - 4 pages as tightly packed and convoluted as intestines in a hog." (5) Critics have remarked upon the violence in his novels and short fiction, which is evident in his descriptions of war, big-game hunting, surviving the wilderness and bull-fighting.(5) Critics have generally agreed with Leslie Fielder's 1955 contention that "Hemmingway is always less embarrassing when he's not talking about women.(5)Hemmingway left behind an iconic style and an

Parents, teachers, and others often use some form of punishment with children. Does it work? What would be the best ways to change a child’s behaviour

1961 words - 8 pages ‘Ivan Pavlov’. Pavlov found that he could condition a dog to salivate at the ringing of a bell. Pavlov rang the bell each time the dog was fed, eventually the dog was associating the food with the bell, which then prompted him to salivate at only the sound of the bell without any food being presented (Tully 2003). According to Nakada (2011) classical conditioning symbolises an initial form of memory established by “repetitive learning processes

One Day In the Life of Ivan Denisovich: A Comparison of the Film and Novel

2990 words - 12 pages ' lives were structured and controlled since 1920s to 1955, day in day out. This brings me to the end of comparing and contrasting the genres. I would then wish to summarise the episodes. There are at least twenty-four (24) episodes altogether. EPISODE ONE (1): In episode one, we are introduced to the prison house and the protagonist Ivan Denisovich beginning of his structured life. In other words we are

Evaluation of the Role of Management in Improving Business Performance

4595 words - 18 pages improve business performance. A manager's ability to motivate starts with the hiring of staff and is crucial to the success of any business. If an employee is motivated from within, then the "motivator" aspect of a manager's job is less difficult. Motivation Theories of the Early and Mid Nineteenth Century Ivan Pavlov Pavlov did extensive studies on classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is "a form

television addiction

1598 words - 6 pages viewing than before. After playing sports or engaging in hobbies, people repot improvements in mood. After watching television, people report that their moods are about the same or worse. One of the reasons that we are so attracted to the television is our “orienting response”. First described by Ivan Pavlov in 1927, “ … the orienting response is our instinctive visual or auditory reaction to any sudden or novel stimulus. It is part of our

Similar Essays

Biography Of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov Essay

1033 words - 4 pages sparked his criticism of Communism. However, he escaped prosecution due to the fact that that he was one of Russia’s most prominent scientists. Also, from the www.biography.com article, it says that in Pavlov’s later life he “applied his laws to the study of psychosis.” He proposed that negative memories could cause people to withdraw from daily interactions (Ivan). Works Cited "Ivan Petrovich Pavlov Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television

Classical C Onditioning Essay

1292 words - 5 pages : Harcourt Brace. Girogian, NA: Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich. In The Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Charles Schribner’s Sons, New York, Vol 10, pp. 431-6, 1974. Fredholm, Lotta. Ivan Pavlov. Science Journal. May 15, 1999.      

The Coorelation Between Drug Tolerance And The Environment

1239 words - 5 pages )Tolerance Definition Information http://templates.doteasy.com/ErrorPages/error404/ 2)The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology Descriptive account for the adaptive processed that regulate tolerance to behavioral effects of drugs http://www.acnp.org/g4/GN401000070/CH070.html 3) Biography of Ivan Pavlov http://arbi.cumbs.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/digestion/misc/pavlov.htm 4) Siegel, S., Hinson, R.E., Krank, M.D. and McCully

A Biography Of 10 Famous Psychological, Anthropological, And Sociological, Practioners

2206 words - 9 pages TheoryFamous Practitioner - Ivan PavlovIvan Petrovich Pavlov was born on September 14, 1849 in Ryazan, where his father, Peter Pavlov, was a priest. He began his schooling the church school in Ryazan and then moved on to the theological seminary. Like most famous psychologists, Pavlov studied Physiology before studying psychology. In 1875 Pavlov completed his physiology course with an impressive record and received the degree of Candidate of