Short History Of South Australia. Essay

823 words - 3 pages

Australian Aboriginal society has the longest continuous cultural history in the world. It is almost certain that the ancestors of today's Aborigines came across the sea from South-East Asia at least 50,000 years ago. Apart from a few carnivorous predators and poisonous snakes, the environment was relatively non-threatening to the continents first people. At the time of European settlement, SA is thought to have been populated by between 10,000 and 15,000 Aboriginal people living in 43 tribal groups.Aboriginal people had an encyclopedic knowledge of the desert and its resources. Almost every facet of their lives was governed by millennia of ritual and tradition, with religious requirements a powerful influence. In fact, the overwhelming force in Aboriginal life was the obligation to observe laws handed down by spirit ancestors who had created the landscape and all life during the so-called Dreamtime. Aborigines also traded goods across Australia, using routes that followed the paths of Dreamtime ancestors. Aboriginal people in SA suffered most from European settlement. They were stricken by disease and feared and even killed by farmers In 1966 the SA government made the first move of any state, to give Aboriginal people title to their land.The first non-Aborigine to see SA's coast was the Dutch navigator Francois Thijssen aboard the Gulden Zeepaard, in 1627. He explored as far east as Nuyt's Archipelago. The French ships Recherche and L'Esperance, under Rear-Admiral Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, arrived in 1792, but they were confined to the west coast. The Admiral described the region as sterile and uniform. The first British explorer to arrive was Lieutenant James Grant, in 1800. He sailed along the far south-east coast and named several key features, including Mt Gambier and Mt Schank.The English chose Royal Navy Lieutenant Matthew Flinders to beat the French in charting the Australian coastline. Flinders left England in mid-1801 and reached Fowlers Bay, 125km west of Ceduna, the following January. From there he sailed east, in the Investigator, charting and naming Spencer Gulf, Gulf St. Vincent and Kangaroo Island. Much of his surveying was so accurate it is still in use today. On 8 April 1802, Flinders unexpectedly met the French ship Le Gẻographe anchored in a bay, which he named Encounter Bay, just west of the Murray Mouth. Captain Nicholas Baudin sailed west charting the coast as he went.Determined to unravel the riddle of the westward flowing rivers, Captain Charles Sturt left Sydney for the inland in late 1829. At the Murrumbidgee River...

Find Another Essay On Short History of South Australia.

History, Culture, and Climate of Australia

3020 words - 13 pages Known for its Kangaroos, Great Barrier Reef, and the outback, Australia has been around for a very long time. Australia has a very deep and rich history filled with military conflicts, unusual weather, diverse culture, and diverse peoples. This paper is going to take you into the “down under” and show you how this great country has overcame and cultivated itself as a well known and successful society. I will explain some of the conflicts the

History of European Involvement in South Africa

765 words - 3 pages divorce rates in the modern world and over all are very hard working.On the whole Afrikaans people live on the southern tip of Africa in South Africa. With the changing political policies in that country however many of them have been forced to migrate to other European countries (generally English speaking) in search of a safer place to live. These countries include*Australia *Canada*Africa *USA*HolandAre the most popular destinations that

Twentieth Century History of South Africa

2088 words - 8 pages governments to continue the trend of reformation and reconciliation. References A Short History of South Africa - SouthAfrica.info. (n.d.). South Africa's official gateway - investment, travel, country information - SouthAfrica.info. Retrieved April 19, 2012, from http://www.southafrica.info/about/history/history.htm History of South Africa. (n.d.). HistoryWorld - History and Timelines. Retrieved April 19, 2012, from http

History of Mission Schools in South Africa

1045 words - 5 pages . Nelson also reflect these sacrifices in his years in prison . We can see that the norms and values ​​of Nelson Mandela in the sendingskolegeleer have formed the backbone of his character that he has carried out . Do you think religion learners in the South African education system should be enforced ? No, according to the Constitution of South Africa all have the right to their own religion uitteleef . No one can be forced to worship or not to worship. We agree with the law and feel that everyone is entitled to their own free choices . Works Cited Wikipedia www.sahistory.org.za history of schooling in south africa

A Modern History of South Africa

2316 words - 10 pages South Africa - A country reborn and transformed due to the transition of a repressive to a democratic society. Democracy, a rule of law, where all laws and procedures apply equally to all citizens and allow the active participation of the civilians in politics and civil rights thus ensuring the protection of all essential human rights - due to the history of this nation they were previously abused. Themes discussed in the extracts that are to

A Short History of Nearly Everything

1027 words - 5 pages In A Short History of Nearly Everything Bill Bryson undertakes the task of explaining every noteworthy event from the Big Bang to the rise of civilization or as he puts it “…how we went from there being nothing at all to there being something, and then how a little of that something turned into us, and also what happened in between and since.” Bryson explains his reasoning for writing the books was because he was discontented with the textbook

A Short History Of The Blues

2265 words - 9 pages , would later become a staple of the most beautiful sounds of the pioneers of blues music. But not only is Handy amazed with the triumphant sound of the guitar, he is also mesmerized by the heart pounding words and eerie sound of the vocals coming from this dreadful looking specimen. This is the earliest known observation of the blues in the history of the world but not quite the birth of it. Santelli clarifies, “What Handy did on that railroad

History Of South Africa Apartheid. The history behind South Africa. It includes how segregation affected South Africa's future

2102 words - 8 pages The following essay is mainly about the history behind South Africa. It includes how segregation affected South Africa's future. Segregation has caused many rebellions, wars, and fights throughout South Africa's history.Apartheid InstitutedDiscrimination against nonwhites was inherent in South African society from the earliest days. A clause in the Act of Union of 1910 provided that the native policies of the provinces would be retained and

Suggestions on reform of the law of rape in South Australia

1602 words - 6 pages IntroductionThe law of rape in South Australia is governed by the common law and the Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 SA. Recently, there have been inquiries as to the low conviction rate for sexual assault offences (1.8 per cent of reported rape cases against adult women resulted in convictions in 2002), which might indicate the insufficiency of law in this area .There are many reasons for the low conviction rate. Among all, emphasis will be

Australia: A Bit of History, Culture and Famous Actors

1453 words - 6 pages to learn was happened in Australia’s history. I discovered that Australia is a constitutional monarchy. Canberra is Australia’s national capital city and the Centre of government. Australian territory Canberra lies on the ancient binds of indigenous magunowal people and its name is thought to mean meeting place from the abnormal word kamberra. New South Wales is Australia’s oldest and populated state. Sydney originally settled as a peral

Is Shared Sense of History Possible in Australia?

2343 words - 9 pages Is Shared Sense of History Possible in Australia? There are many issues in Australia, the most longstanding of all being between the communities within the country. The country has witnessed many wars and internal conflicts that can be termed as cultural wars. Notwithstanding these wars and the social disintegration, the Australian communities still lived within the same borders. There is therefore a debate on whether the same kind of political

Similar Essays

Under Armour: Technology In Service Of Sport In South Australia

2241 words - 9 pages 1. Introduction This report provides an overview about the market in South Australia for a new business related to clothing, footwear and equipment for sport and physical activities. It is necessary to research about the habits in physical activities in South Australia. Additionally, the report examines whether the name of the business is suitable to the local market. A investigation related to the income per capita in South Australia is

A Short History Of Baseball Essay

559 words - 2 pages The history of baseball deeply embedded in the folklore of American sports is the story of baseball's invention by a young West Point cadet, Abner Doubleday, in the summer of 1839 at the village of Cooperstown, New York. Mostly a Northern and Midwestern phenomenon, baseball fever ran highest in the New York City area, where in the 1850s, games were being played "on every available green plot within a ten-mile circuit of the city." Spearheading

A Short History Of Ethics Essay

1276 words - 5 pages In chapters three and four of A Short History of Ethics, Alastair MacIntyre makes a clear distinction between two philosophical doctrines at loggerheads: the Sophists and Socrates. The Sophistic amalgam of personal success, lust and power is constantly interrogated by an interlocutor in an endless plight to reveal Sophistic ignorance, fruitless desires and the right to universal justice. MacIntyre identifies the codes of both parties, and

South African Directors And A History Of South African Film

2025 words - 8 pages examine their careers and works, let us conduct a brief overview of the history of South African film.The story of the South African film industry begins some 108 years ago at the conclusion of the nineteenth century. It was the time of the Anglo-Boer War. American and British film pioneers, armed with this new technology, were conducting a private campaign consisting of mobile theatres for viewing in the mining industry and (while the war raged