“Human cloning will take place, and it will take place in my lifetime. And I don't fear it at all - I welcome it. I think it's right and proper that we continue this kind of inquiry.” (Tom Harkin)
Imagine a world where there was no fear of diseases or infertility. A world where parents could choose and pick the desired traits they would like to see in their children. The human cloning process is slowly but surely developing to become an official process worldwide, to provide benefits to our species. You may be wondering, what is human cloning? There are two categories in which human cloning are grouped. One being human reproductive cloning which is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a human, and the other being therapeutic cloning where in human cells are cloned for use in medicine and research. At the moment, human reproductive cloning is banned in a large percentage of the world. However, therapeutic cloning is allowed in many parts of the world including the United States of America and Great Britain. So is it a good idea or a recipe for disaster?
The most dominant reason for the legalisation of human cloning is that it saves lives. Due to the fact that a large percentage of people globally will suffer from organ failure at some point in their life, through the means of cloning, organ donation would become an easier process. If the patient can be cloned, then the resulting organ needed would be perfect for that patient. In 1988, San Francisco a girl named Anissa suffered from cancer. The only therapy available was to kill all of her stem cells, of which she needed to survive. Her parents decided to have another baby for bone marrow transplantation, which was completed successfully with the baby only being 14 months, and Anissa recovered.
“She lay anesthetized upon an operating table in the City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, Calif. A surgeon inserted a 1-in.-long needle into the baby's hip and slowly began to withdraw bone marrow. In 20 minutes they removed about a cup of the viscous red liquid -- the stuff of resurrection. The medical team then rushed the marrow to a hospital room where Marissa's 19-year-old sister Anissa lay waiting. Through a Hickman catheter inserted in the chest, the doctor began feeding the baby's marrow into Anissa's veins.” (Lance Morrow, Time Magazine, June 1991)
Therapeutic cloning could also assist in finding a cure for a variety of genetic diseases including Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and could even find a cure for victims of leukaemia. However, to find a cure for such diseases, human experimentation must take place. After the successful cloning of Dolly the sheep in 1997 at the Roslin Institute, Edinburgh, many people were intrigued to what other benefits cloning would bring to our society. Furthermore, cloning animals may benefit them specifically if their species are endangered and can be preserved for the future. That being said, it took scientists 277 attempts...