Britain's Electoral System Essay

932 words - 4 pages

The change of electoral system of Britain from first-past-the-post to form of proportional representation caused discussions and argues in the whole country. Does new system inspirit and change course to better or lead to weak and indecisive government? Whereas first-past-the-post developed stable majorities in parliament, there are always was a lack of suffer from grave shortcomings, for example majority of population remains unrepresented in government bodies, and a party, which wins less voices in selection than their contestants, can be represented by more seats. Nation is looking forward to see the fairness and progress of parliamentary works of country, which can be motivated by advantageousness of proportional representation. However, there are still many people who think critically about this newness. As said, all that glitters is not gold, proportional representation also has its disadvantages, so people, relying on them, are against to change from first-past-the-post.
The system of majority, which is used in Great Britain, is simple, understandable and conceptual. First-past-the-post is “winner takes it all” system, when candidates or political party are selected to parliament by majority of votes according to electoral districts where they are standing. One of the strongest advantages of FPTP is that there is close connection between constituents and their representatives. Furthermore, election provides people with open contest, where not just faceless lists, but candidates, whose personalities not indifferent for voters. In addition, first-post-the-post embraces single party government which could be base of stable, effective operating regime, if it will be lead by big, good organized political parties, which can easily win the election. In spite of these advantages, we have strong staying disadvantages. As it was mentioned above, most of population remains unrepresented in government as minor political groups, and also, even a party wins majority of voices, it can be represented by less seats than their contestants, which is noting to fairness problem of first-past-the-post. Moreover, party could be non-reacting to change of people’s opinion. What is more, ethnicity, religion, clan or region based groups could be encouraged to progress and develop. Consequently, these are the significant points which forced to change the electoral system.
Proportional representation never replaced first-past-the-post in British national election, which is quiet striking because of side by side location of Britain with other Europe countries, where PR takes up fundamental role as electoral system. In proportional representation mandate of a deputy in parliament are shared proportionally to the numbers of votes counted to each of candidates. Due to complexity of system, there are numbers of its different forms as Party-list proportional representation, Additional member systems, which includes mixed-member proportional representation, alternative...

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