Nineteenth century Britain was a dominate empire across the globe. Despite the country’s loss of a major colonial force — the United States — the country still dominate world trade, allowing for a sense of pride to be installed within the hearts of the English. As exposed throughout Virginia Woolf’s, Mrs. Dalloway, the mindset of the British was one of grand superiority. Due to the success of the British empire's colonial expeditions, many British citizens felt as though their country was the greatest and most advanced in the world, creating a sense of superficial, self-centered, pride, as reflected through the character of Clarissa. This pride, however, had many dangerous side effects later in history. British Imperialism, combined with unnecessary pride, caused many racial issues for England that would be fought over for centuries to come.
The British interest in India grew as the need for new world markets and trading ports expanded. Many western Europeans longed for the distant goods of the East, but did not care for the expensive prices that international trade had to offer. Rather than allow for the creation of a global exchange, many countries developed their own system and cooperations for importing rare goods. One of these was East India Company. However, in 1858, England, no longer wishing to pay for the extra expenses charged by the Company, established a colonial control over India (Kaul, BBC News).
This exchange of European control sparked a two year long “Great Rebellion,” an attempt made by Indians to end the Raj — or British Imperialism. With the help of Indian princes and many other local leaders, the British controlled over 300 million Indians (Insert Internal Citation Here). The Raj was solely used as a method to allow Britain to develop its own economy. Britain was able to create their own market for wanted, Indian goods without costing any British Citizen additional financial tax burdens (Kaul, BBC News).
While Britain controlled India, the already established caste system grew and deepened. Publically disapproving of the caste system, the British imposed social regulations to divide the British from Indians and “Anglo-Indians” (a racial blend of Indians and the British that was considered to be socially unacceptable) (Kaul, BBC News). Segregation between races was common and enforced.
The caste system was only one of the many negative effects on the native Indian population. Indians were highly taxed, producing a debt in order to create a larger, unnecessary army and drained the economy in order to fund the unwanted bureaucratic government (Kaul, BBC News).
As Indians grew more frustrated, they founded the Indian National Congress in 1885 (Kaul, BBC News). This party, not only being a significant political force, crossed many of the sb-continent’s internal divisions. This party merged the sub-continent’s various religions, forming a neo-Hinduism (Bevir, 7). In 1920, Mahatma Gandhi was elected as president of...