A Brief History Of The British Empire

1318 words - 6 pages

Great Britain, The country who has been in a the center of some history’s biggest moments. A country in which no other dares to challenge , but try to emulate. A country who were first to industrialize and didn't want anybody else to . How did Great Britain become one of the powerful empire in history and what happen to it ?
The first event that help Britain build this empire was the industrial revolution. Coal was really the start of the revolution. Wood used to be the main source of energy but as the population grew wood became harder to carry and more expensive. Coal became more of a potent source of energy. It lead to the first successful steam engine, invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712.
The next move by Great Britain was the buildup of their seapower . The seapower britain had before, already gave them colonies in eastern North America, numerous sugar islands in the Caribbean and a hold in Bengal. The new seapower that britain allowed them a new source of commerce. The triangle slave trade in allowed britain to send over 2 million worker to the new developing company America, which was a major feature in building the empire.
With the naval power built up , this is really when the empire really built up. By 1815, Britain established themselves as the worlds great imperial powers . A colony that nobody knew about was the Caribbean, in the island of Barbados and Jamaica, that the brits acquired in the mid 17 century, had a tremendous sugar supply. Another colony that the Brits had was in india, the home of the historic east india company, a trading company made by Great Britain to produce revenue. This growth of Britain's new empire in Africa, India and elsewhere by 1815 has often been seen as the result of a search for a new empire to replace the wealth of the lost colonies from the American revolution.
Now that Britain’s empire built to full force during the Victorian era of Britain . This is when Great Britain naval power was esteemed and feared, the only single conflict the British fought during Victoria's reign, was the Crimean War of during the late 1850’s. The British were involved in at least five major wars in the 18th century, none of which lasted less than seven years. In 1882, During the Victorian era, the Brits was in the later stages of building the largest empire the world has ever seen. By the end of Victoria's era, the British empire stretched over almost one-fifth of the earth's surface and almost a quarter of the world's population at least, in theory, owed allegiance to the queen. Also during this time Britain was the financial capital of the world, which would also promise long-term prosperity.
The Victorian Era didn't stop building there, they also expanded life expectancy at birth, from 30s in 1837 to 48 by 1901, this was made possible by the industrial revolution. Politics changed also, more in a way that benefits equality. At the beginning, about a...

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