This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

British Influence On Malaysian Vernacular Architecture And Modern Mosques

1381 words - 6 pages

Positioned across two separate, immediate islands, Malaysia has always been primed for a strong foreign influence through rich international trade. The influences of Hindu India, Christian Europe, and the Islamic Middle East, converged to create a diverse populous. However, Malaysia's exposure also granted vulnerability and eventual colonialism under multiple countries, most notably Great Britain. Through Britain's tenure, Western and Eastern ideology and design fused together to bring fourth major changes that would forever leave a distinctive mark on Malaysian history, design, and culture. This paper presents a comparative analysis of Britain's influence on mosques built during different periods in the Malaysian history and analyzes the changes in the mosque architecture between vernacular, colonial, and modern periods.
Traditional Middle Eastern Mosques, known as hypostyle and originally widespread throughout Malaysia, generally consisted of a minaret1 calling tower, a court yard, domes, flat roofs, and a mihrab2, all constructed from either sand or stone. The heavy weight of the sand and stone was often supported by long rows of slender, embellished columns. As hypostyle Mosques began to dilapidate from the harsh tropical weather in Malaysia, with flat roofs flooding and sand constructed minarets crumbling, Indonesian architecture began to take over. With heavy rainfall and warm sunshine occurring all year round, the design of Indonesian-Malaysian, vernacular architecture mosques reflected most of the characteristics of the traditional and tropical Malay houses. Four major factors including climatic conditions, availability of building materials, craftsmanship and ethnic background influenced design. In response to the tropical environment, vernacular mosques used drastically pitched roofs to enable rain water to run off quickly3, stilts to raise the mosques above ground level to avoid floods4; and many openings including louvered windows, fanlights and carving panels to allow a natural cross ventilation of air5. Vernacular mosques can be distinguished by their multi-tiered, edged roofs with decorative ridges and blue or glazed clay tiles, octagonal minarets and differing square and circular buildings. These design choices reflect Malaysia's more mystical interpretation of the Quran, as the different shapes of buildings represent the different stages of Islamic spirits rising with prayer2. Building materials such as timber, bamboo, bricks, stone, clay tiles and attap are widely used in the vernacular style mosques due to their abundance in Malaysia. Vernacular styled Malay mosques, along with most Malay houses and structures, portray high levels of craftsmanship6. This can be seen in the windows, fanlights, carving wall panels, fascia boards and well-designed mimbar7 with intricate flower motifs. Such craftsmanship generally reflects the owners' status and wealth8, particularly for Malay houses. The more wooden, curvaceous, colorful,...

Find Another Essay On British Influence on Malaysian Vernacular Architecture and Modern Mosques

Modern and Post-Modernism Architecture Essay

1070 words - 4 pages modernist international style movement and describing his aesthetic for extreme simplicity in the modern architecture movement. The second statement , on the other hand, being the crisis of modernism in the 1960's. Therefore, if you look at these two school work you can notice a clear difference. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the differences between post-modernism and modern architecture in terms of their philosophical

Assess the importance of the British Documentary Movement and its influence on 'realism' within British Cinema

565 words - 2 pages refute this, but the British Documentary Film Movement's influence is crucial in respect of its effect on working-class subject and aesthetic form in British Cinema. Humphrey Jennings, who was stimulated much more by the aesthetic qualities of themedium than Grierson, was a constant point of reference for the Free Cinema group and British 'new wave' filmmakers such as Lindsay Anderson and Karel Reisz. John Hill notes that for Lindsay Anderson

The Influence of Christianity on Ancient and Modern Greece

1701 words - 7 pages The Influence of Christianity on Ancient and Modern Greece Problems with format ?From the earliest establishment of Christian churches in Macedonia, Achaia, Epirus, and Crete, to the expansion of the Orthodox Church, Greece has been a formidable landmark for development of Christianity throughout the world.? From its arrival to Greece with the first preaching of Paul, the Christian faith has undergone a unique assimilation into the

Influence of Trisha Brown and Steve Paxton on Modern Dance

2428 words - 10 pages and Cunningham working with codified vocabularies; something he considered to be a “paralysis” of the body via technique. Working with Brown at Judson, Paxton was introduced to the methods of improvisation, using this insight to create explorations playing with the dynamics and stability of gravity. The Judson Dance Theatre had a significant influence not only on the direction of Trisha Brown and Steve Paxton’s artistic practice, but also the

Athenian Influence on Modern Society

1219 words - 5 pages Cassian Harrison’s Greeks: Crucible of Civilization (1999) documents the history of ancient Athenian Greece between 570 BC and 460 BC. It was released as a three part series through PBS as a documentary of events through the lives of Cleisthenes, Themistocles, Pericles, and Socrates, as well as their contributions to ancient and modern society. Film scholar Bill Nichols qualifies non-fiction films as documentaries of social representation

Media Influence on Modern Society

1206 words - 5 pages Our society is slowly but drastically, devolving. We let the media take total control over every aspect of us, how we dress, who we talk to, what we eat, even how we think. Everyone thinks they are their own person but no one ever stops to think of why they do what they do. The media has never had as much control as they do now. As we go on reading our newspapers and our magazines, no one stops to think of what we're reading, how

Art Influence on Modern Society

1484 words - 6 pages the process of, and the impact on, creativity is because today the media prefers sound bites and spin to in-depth analysis and any exploration of subtle nuances” (“Rethinking the Creativity Argument”). In short, the arts don’t always lead to psychotic breakdowns and instead serve many purposes for our society. In conclusion, the arts influence our society today through several aspects. Our lives are surrounded by the arts in through business

A Study of Ancient and Modern Architecture

1736 words - 7 pages principles differently than traditionally applied architectural principles had been in the past. The definition of modern architecture states that it relies on a “simplication of form and an absence of applied decoration (“Modern Architecture”),” except that to actually define modern architecture would be almost impossible. There are so many different styles and form that have no relation in execution or form, and some lack form altogether

Modern Doemstic Design and Traditional German Architecture

3014 words - 12 pages Germany I have chosen Sandy Wilson’s (1922-2007) spring house built in 1967 England, because I wanted to compare the similarities between Wilson’s modern domestic design and Tessenow’s traditional German architecture. The Spring House is located on the western edge of Cambridge. The site is approached from a private road which forms its northern boundary, opening out diagonally to the southeast to a view of fields and a small wood. The client for

Nature and Tectonic in Modern Architecture

2023 words - 8 pages In Kenneth Frampton’s Rappel a L’ordre, the Case for the Tectonic, he reinterprets modern architecture “through the lens of techne.” Techne can be traced back to its Greek origins, which embodied the ideas of art, craft and skill in the making of an object. Techne came to be tied with the materiality and construction methods used in buildings. Technology then came to refer to the making and using of tools and the methods to solve a problem

U.S.'s Influence on British Cinema Culture Between 1930 and 1980

1285 words - 5 pages U.S.'s Influence on British Cinema Culture Between 1930 and 1980 Britain and America have always had a very close relationship that could have stemmed from a number of different things. The English discovered America, they both speak the same language and the fact that America helped Britain in the first World War may have played an important part in why the two countries are so close. Due to this close bond or the

Similar Essays

Antoni Gaudi's Works And Their Influence On Modern Spanish Architecture

2839 words - 11 pages representatives, showed his creativity and his individuality though his works which were inspired by nature. Many of the other architects of the Modernisme movement used their own individuality and depiction of nature as well. (Inman, ed. 20) Contemporary Spanish architects also incorporate Antoni Gaudi’s style into their architecture. Antoni Gaudi i Cornet was born on June 25, 1852. He lived in a town called Reus in Catalonia. His father

Baroque Architecture And Modern Architecture Essay

559 words - 2 pages movements are Baroque,Impressionism,Modernism and Art Nauveau.’’Baroque architectureis the building style of the Baroque area,begun in late 16th-century Italy that took the Roman vocabularyof Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion,often to express the triumph of thr Catholic Church and absolutist state.’’(1)’’Modern architecture is generally characterized by simplifacition of form and absence of applied

Modern And Gothic Architecture Essay

798 words - 3 pages pay very much time. Generally, gothic architectures functions are region and protection. Gothic architecture’s structures usually use for region. For instance, these types build a lot of cathedral and church. Besides gothic architecture embellish church and cathedral. And workers pay very much labor these buildings. But the aims of modern architectures build living, working, swimming...Architects influence this tendency and build home, workplace

Anicent Roman Buildings And There Affect On Modern Day Architecture

808 words - 4 pages architecture and made a major impact on modern buildings. Because of how major Roman architecture is, learning more about it will enhance your knowledge about Ancient Rome and even more about how our some of the buildings made today. You may know that the Romans have achieved many feats of architecture. An example is the Arch of Constantine made in 312 AD. It is a arch that celebrates the emperor Constantine