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British Invasion Essay

680 words - 3 pages

The invasion of the British into India is an important historic event in India's history. In 1498 when Vasco de Gama from Portugal visited the Indian subcontinent, he established trade links and brought goods from India to Europe. Throughout the 16th century, reports of the wealth of India encouraged Britain to compete with Portugal for India's trade. In the 17th century, the British established several trading posts in India. Both countries profited from the exchange of goods. However, the situation changed suddenly, during the 18th century. Regional rivalries erupted all over India. Fearful of losing their commercial agreements, Britain formed an alliance with India. By the ...view middle of the document...

British troops fired on the crowds, killing over 300 people and wounding more than 1,000 others. Following that incident, a man named Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, established a policy for non-violence and peaceful protest, and gained many supporters. Gandhi encouraged boycott of certain foreign-made goods and the local production of textiles. Other groups joined this cry for self-rule, and this trend further politicized the Indian population. After negotiating with various Indian leaders, Britain passed a new Government of India Act in 1935. The plan tried both to satisfy the Indian desire for self-rule and to unite the states of the subcontinent into a single nation. Many Indian princes objected to the plan, because they felt that the new act weakened their power. The provincial governments held power from 1937 until the outbreak of World War II in 1939. During this two-year period, the idea of partitioning the subcontinent into separate Hindu and Muslim nations gained support among Muslims. They claimed that they were politically and culturally outnumbered by the Hindus...

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