This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

British Invasion Of Afghanistan Essay

1152 words - 5 pages

When Afghanistan was beginning its formation as a nation in the 1700s, two of that era’s major world powers were advancing toward Afghanistan: Britain westward from India and Russia moving eastward. “England was busy conquering India between 1757 and 1857, Visalli writes, “and Russia was spreading its control east, and was on Afghanistan’s border by 1828.” One of the most lucrative products that England exported from its new colony, India, was opium and by 1770 Britain had a monopoly on opium production in India and saw to it that cultivation spread into Afghanistan as well (the boundary between the two was ill-defined until 1893). In 1859, England took control of all Afghan territory ...view middle of the document...

Neither Britain nor Pakistan ever gained full control of the Northwest Provinces but the Provinces became the source of the Islamic radicalism that spawned both Al Qaeda and the Taliban.

Today (2009- 2012/2013 -) the United States fires most of its drone missiles into the Northwest Provinces, and continues to fuel antipathy that originated with Britain’s “drawing of the Durand Line”, breaking up a country

“One of the root causes of the enduring animosity between Afghanistan and Pakistan was the seemingly permanent loss of Afghan lands taken by the British, including Baluchistan (with its access to the sea), and the Northwest Territories to Pakistan when that country was created by Britain in 1947. … In addition to institutionalizing the artificial boundary created in 1893, Britain’s parting act hobbled the Afghan economy, permanently denying Afghanistan its former territory over the Hindu Kush with access to the sea.”

The brutal disabling of Afghanistan does not end with Britain; another of its former colonies, the United States of America, enters the theater on a pretext stage right. U.S. involvement in earnest in Afghanistan begins as World War II ending. In 1945, “Aid”-to-Afghanistan projects begin; in 1950 comes a “top-secret U.S. policy document ‘National Security Directive 68’ warning of an alleged Soviet Union ‘design for world domination.’” In his memoirs, “Soviet President Nikita Khrushchev writes

‘It was clear to us that the Americans were penetrating Afghanistan with the obvious purpose of setting up a military base.’

The situation on the ground, Visalli says, was that the United States in 1956 had built “a fairly useless International Airport in Kandahar that was widely seen as a refueling base for U.S. bombers.” However, by the early 1970s the United States “had decided that the best way counter the Soviet’s ‘design for world domination’ was to support the strict Islamists in Afghanistan, who were opposed to the progressive reforms of the Afghan government.” Looking back from the twenty-first century, regime change using any means and sources was always the violent tactic on the table. “In August 1979,” Visalli writes, “a classified State Department Report stated: ‘the United States’ larger interests …would be served by the demise of the current Afghan regime, despite whatever setbacks this might mean for future social and economic reforms in Afghanistan.’” The United States and “fundamentalist Islamists opposed to the Afghan government” joined forces. The Soviets invaded Afghanistan in December 1979 “based largely on...

Find Another Essay On British Invasion of Afghanistan

Afghanistan in the Way of Development

743 words - 3 pages armies. The Soviet Union and British empires sent more than thousands of their troops and immediately took political and military control. The 1979 Soviet Union invasion and civil war destroyed much of the infrastructure and normal economic activities. Afghanistan has lost the internal products since of losses of labor, transportation and trade. Development is held back because of invasion by different empires, civil war, corruption, and poverty

Importance of Afghanistan in Inner Asian Geopolitics

3336 words - 14 pages recognized by Afghan, British and Russians, Wakhan was included in Afghanistan and Shignan, Roshan and Pamirs formed areas under Russian control. Despite this, there has never been a complete segregation of areas lying two sides of the borders. (Warikoo. 2007) Ethnicity and conflicts- At present about 4 million Tajiks, 1.7 million Uzbeks and half a million Turkmens live in Afghanistan. Besides, the Pamir Tajiks living in the Gorno Badakhshan

Humanitarian Issues in Afghanistan and Iraq

1149 words - 5 pages The Middle East has long been a place for turmoil and warfare. In the past, the region was carved up by European powers following the First World War. More recently, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the ensuing power struggle and the United States’ operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have caused untold suffering for civilians. In Iraq and Afghanistan in particular, there are many regions where civilians suffer terrible conditions, and there

Development of The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

2085 words - 8 pages If I say Afghanistan, then what do some people will reflect about Afghanistan? The answer is obvious that most of people will think about blood, combat and destroyed places. It is fact that Afghanistan is not a developed country, but still people can see some obvious progress in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has been under the governor of many countries for thirty years. At first British come to Afghanistan in order to colonize India then Russia came

Should the UK Be Involved in Foreign Conflict?

821 words - 3 pages intervention in the Middle East being to protect the interests of the British people, the Iraq and Afghanistan wars have proved counter-productive.According to the BBC, the British people themselves realise the threats and lack of any real reason to intervene in such situations with 72% of Britons in 2009 wishing for a public inquiry into the British government's role in the invasion of Iraq and 68% of Britons in 2008 wishing for British troops to be

Seven Year's War Impact on United States and the Revolutionary War - APUSH - Essay

763 words - 4 pages more violent as well. This sudden change in relations between nations due to a violent conflict transcend time and be spotted in national relations even today. After the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the U.S. supported mujahideen resistance fighters in order to contain the spread of Communism. Some of these fighter eventually branched off to form the Taliban who hosted leaders Al Qaeda, including Osama bin Laden. The attacks to the Twin

Afghan Music

1101 words - 5 pages with great change. The invasion brought huge social and political change to Afghanistan. Music was one of the affected areas of the culture. During the American occupation, entertainments such as music and kite flying returned to the previously silent streets of Afghanistan but the sound had changed. Western-tinged pop music replaced the sound of traditional Afghani songs. The general manager of Afghanistan’s singer union, Hayat Gardezai

Afghanistan and developmental impediments

990 words - 4 pages valley of Afghanistan. The armies emerged and seized city by city. They took the land as invaders and destroyed the city beside this they mostly murdered the people. These destructions kept Afghanistan away from development. Beginning in the 1800s, the situation of Afghanistan became more irritated and worse because two great and empower imperialism, the British Empire and Czarist Russia, came. The British wanted to expand and strengthen their

Taliban Terrorist Group

2014 words - 8 pages suicidal and terrorist attacks on civilian in recent years. Historical background The invasion of Afghanistan by Soviet Union in the early1979, the Afghan Mujahideen developed as the resistance movement against the foreign invasion of the country. With wide financial and military support from the United States and Pakistan they were able to impose severe damages to the Soviet Union troops in order to withdraw them from Afghanistan. The New

The 1980 Summer Olympic Games Boycott

745 words - 3 pages medals in one game. There was also a notable confrontation between British middle-runners, Steve Ovett and Sebastian Coe. The 1980 Olympics Games in Moscow was supposed to be the usual multi-sport, international event where athletes from all nations come to prove their athletic ability. However, the Soviet Union’s invasion in Afghanistan led the United States to respond by withdrawing from the Olympic Games. As a result, a total of sixty five other countries, did not attend the Olympic Games. Although a number of countries did not participate in the Games, the Games went on as planned.

The War in Afghanistan and its History

2285 words - 9 pages up with a defeat of British army. Treaty of Gondamark was the end of the Second War (1078-1980) with Britain promising not to invade the rest of the country, but having the control over Afghanistan's foreign affairs. The Third Anglo-Afghan ended with the Treaty of Rawalpindi, Afghanistan regaining the control of its foreign policies and getting independence from Britain.The years following Anglo-Afghan wars were characteristic for reforms to

Similar Essays

Invasion Of Afghanistan Essay

2833 words - 11 pages Invasion of Afghanistan Even before the terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre in New York on September 11th 2001, Afghanistan was probably the most isolated country in the world. Only three other states recognised its rulers, who in the mid-1990s had swept across the country to impose a very strict and distinctive form of Islamic law upon the Afghan people, ending nearly 20 years of civil war in the 90% or so of

The Soviet Invasion Of Afghanistan. Includes Footnotes, Title Page, Works Cited Page. It Is 5 Pages 1323 Words

1374 words - 5 pages In December of 1979, the Soviet Union began their invasion of Afghanistan. Nine years later, in 1988, President Mikhail Gorbachev announced that the USSR would pull out of Afghanistan. The Soviets did not gain anything from this invasion, but rather lost many troops and lots of money. It remains questionable why the Soviet Union would invade Afghanistan. The Soviets did not achieve victory because their forces could not be concentrated solely on

Terrorism A Cause And Effect? Deals With Motives Of September 11, 2001 Attacks On The Wtc And Pentagon, Looking At History Of Al Qaeda And Terrorist Development Since The Soviet Invasion Of...

948 words - 4 pages responsible for the fall of the United Soviet Socialist Republic; Osama bin Laden was quoted saying, "the dissolution of the Soviet Union… goes to God and the mujahideen in Afghanistan…" Over the next few years, Al-Qaeda rose to prominence as a radical Islamist group, being involved in conflicts around the middle east and Africa, including the gulf war, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Somalia, and Yemen. The entire time, US relations with

Afghanistan In The Way Of Development

1143 words - 5 pages armies. The Soviet Union and British empires sent more than thousands of their troops and immediately took political and military control. The 1979 Soviet Union invasion and civil war destroyed much of the infrastructure and normal economic activities. Afghanistan has lost the internal products since of losses of labor, transportation and trade. Development is held back because of invasion by different empires, civil war, corruption, and poverty