British Policy Of Appeasement At The Beginning Of World War Two

1367 words - 5 pages

British Policy of Appeasement at the Beginning of World War Two

The First World War was the beginning of a new era in fighting. Weapons and fighting technique had drastically changed, making war much more dangerous. With the predictions for the new weapons including poisonous gas and bigger bombs, Great Britain was very much afraid for its citizens, especially men and women of fighting age. The country wished to avoid war at any cost. The choices of Neville Chamberlain and The Parliament favoring appeasement affected the decisions of other European leaders, such as French Premier Daladier, Joseph Stalin, Benito Mussolini, and Winston Churchill, and those choices helped Britain enter the war.

Many believe that with the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War One, the prelude to World War Two was put in motion. At the time many Europeans, who were still hurting from the war, were not concerned that the restrictions put upon Germany were too stringent. But it gave Germans a reason to elect Hitler to the Chancellorship of Germany in 1933. While Britain tried to ignore the new leader of Germany, they could not ignore him any longer when the Saar Basin voted to return to Germany. As part of its World War I repatriations, the Saar Basin had been given to France because of the territory’s natural resources and such.1

Since Germany had now violated the Treaty of Versailles, Britain, France, and Italy gathered at Strea in Italy to discuss a course of action. Britain and France’s main concern was to keep Italy in opposition to the Germans. When Italy decided to attack Ethiopia, Britain was torn between avoiding war or endorsing the unprovoked attack. They left it up to the League of Nations to make the decision. In this decision, Britain decided to remain inactive and use a phrase called "collective security" which enabled them to retreat to the compromise of the League of Nations.2

When Hitler violated the Treaty again, by taking the Rhineland, Britain allied with France, a country that had given up on foreign affairs. Later that year, Italy and Germany both supported the revolutionaries of Spain. France had a policy of nonintervention and Britain had forbidden the sale of arms to either side. Even when the Spanish government fell, because of the inability to buy arms, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain tried to recreate a friendship with Italy. Chamberlain was also interested in a general settlement that would include Germany. His beliefs were that Germany had been treated unfairly and self-determination should be allowed for countries wanting to reunite with Germany.3

Chamberlain was for appeasement at any cost. Avoiding war was most important to him. He wanted to make Germany happy and avoid war; unfortunately, he misjudged Hitler. He believed that Hitler only wanted to rebuild Germany and so because of his previous mentioned sympathies he believed he was working with Hitler to reconnect Germany. But instead he was working to...

Find Another Essay On British Policy of Appeasement at the Beginning of World War Two

Agree or Disagree: "The Western European and United States policy of appeasement during the1930's significantly contributed to the development of World War II."

2264 words - 9 pages themselves to be dragged into another war. The third reason was that as the likelihood of war in Europe increased, the United States favored isolationism more and more. This isolationism was reflected in FDR's policy's regarding foreign affairs. Because of the Great Depression, FDR had no time to worry about other countries and so the policy of appeasement, which was peace at any price, developed. It can be said that World War II began in

The Effect of World War I on British People at Home

4266 words - 17 pages The Effect of World War I on British People at Home Throughout the First World War people’s lives back home in Britain were greatly affected. Britain’s Army relied upon an entirely voluntary service and with many joining up the loss of male members to the community greatly affected everyone’s lives. With the men gone, many jobs were left open and for the first time women were allowed some independence as they took

Appeasement and how it changed by the start of the Second World War

986 words - 4 pages From 1938, Appeasement to Hitler seemed to be quite successful in the beginning and soon Chamberlain has changed it. It started because the result of WWI, which made Britain not wanting another war. In the beginning, Chamberlain thought the Treaty of Versailles was too harsh to Germany. Then as Germany got stronger, their reason has changed, the new reasons for appeasing Hitler was, firstly, it gave UK time to prepare for a war as its main

Russia and Ukraine: The Beginning of World War III?

1485 words - 6 pages 1945 marked the end of World War II, a devastating mark on the history of humankind, but one we have managed to overcome. 69 years have passed and humans have advanced both in the fields of technology and emotion. We have begun to accept once frowned upon ideals such as marriage between two of the same gender and interracial relationships, and have been more open to the needs and concerns of those in other countries. But is our worldly

The British Government's Decision to Evacuate Children from Britain’s Major Cities at the Start of the Second World War

1783 words - 7 pages as much as possible and really scared the British public. Many factory workers lived very close to their place of work so that travel time for getting to work was reduced. Since accuracy was not good, they were often hit by bombs that were meant to hit the factory they worked at. Germans bombed factories so that fewer supplies got to the front lines and it therefore would be easier for them to win the war. Even if they missed the factories, they

Explaining the Cause of World War Two

1616 words - 6 pages Explaining the Cause of World War Two This statement is totally correct in that no one factor alone can sufficiently explain how the conditions needed for world war two were created. There are a great range of factors which we need to identify and show how they all link together or overlap. All these causes reinforce each other and can be split into short, medium or long term causes. These key causes are; the failure of

To what extent can Hitler and his foreign policy be blamed for the outbreak of World War two?

1293 words - 5 pages The outbreak of World War II on September 3rd 1939 occurred due to numerous factors. These causes include the harshness of the Treaty of Versailles, the failure of the League of Nations linked to the isolation of the US, appeasement introduced by the British Prime Minister in the year 1937 and the Nazi-Soviet Pact signed between Hitler and Stalin on the 28th of August 1938 . Hitler’s foreign policy had a huge impact on the outbreak of World

The Conduct of British Generals in World War One

2474 words - 10 pages The Conduct of British Generals in World War One In 1914 the First World War, or the Great War, broke out in Europe. It involved the two main alliances of Europe at the time; one alliance was the triple entente with Germany, Austro-Hungary and Serbia, the other alliance, the triple alliances, had Britain, France and Russia creating a ring of steel around Germany. This war of attrition was to take the lives of 8.5

The Role of British Women in World War II

2248 words - 9 pages Plan of Investigation This investigation will evaluate the question, to what extent did the British Women’s Auxiliary Air Force assist the Allies’ war efforts during the Second World War? This question is important because in World War 1 British women were active in the war effort but to a limited extent, acting as nurses on the battle field and working in munitions factories, but resumed their traditional roles in society after the war. In

The Effects of World War One on British Women

1551 words - 6 pages The Effects of World War One on British Women “Without The First World War British Women Would Not Have Gained The Right To Vote In 1918” I

Causes of World War Two

593 words - 2 pages World War two has to be the most famous war of all time. It was the largest, most tragic, horrifying of them all, and the first to have millions of people killed in the duration of it. Is it just me, or does it seem rather ironic that the very thing that was meant to solve the first World War is the most important of all of the causes of the second? And that the people who were supposed to fix the problems that that war caused were only really

Similar Essays

Evacuation Of British Children From Britain's Major Cities At The Beginning Of World War Ii

693 words - 3 pages Evacuation of British Children From Britain's Major Cities at the Beginning of World War II The British government had many reasons for evacuating children from Britain's major cities at the start to of the Second World War. The prime objective of the evacuation was to save the children from being killed by German bombing raids. The government feared that air attacks on main cities were very close, and they wanted the

What Factors Contributed To The British Government Deciding To Undertake The Policy Of Appeasement During The 1930 S

2259 words - 9 pages just two. In the First World War, the support of the British Empire had been absolutely vital in the winning of the war. However nations such as India, Australia and Canada had suffered a massive loss of life, this resulted in a massive reluctance on the part of the nations of the Empire to take part in another European war. The countries supported British policy at every occasion, such as in the 1937 Imperial Conference as it held a prospect of

The Beginning Of World War Two

1309 words - 5 pages The Beginning of World War II "The era of anxiety and economic depression was also a time of growing strength for political dictatorship. Popularity elected governments and basic civil liberties declined drastically in Europe"(McKay 967). Most say the start of the second World War was due to the depression across the world. Others, like Monetarists, believe that

The Evacuation Of British Children During World War Two

2000 words - 8 pages The Evacuation of British Children During World War Two The evacuation of Britain's cities at the start of World War Two was the largest movement of people in Britain's history. In the first four days of September 1939, nearly 3,000,000 people were transported from towns and cities. The Government’s aim was to reduce the risk of injuries and death from the main target areas such as London, Manchester, Bristol