Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Frame Work Essay

1070 words - 4 pages

The intention of this assignment is to provide information regarding Bronfenbrenner's ecological approach with comparison between Bronfenbrenner's ecological framework and Maslow's Humanism framework.A Christian response to Bronfenbrenner's framework will be provided, which will in turn illustrate the similarities and difference between both, humanism and an ecological approach.This assignment will conclude with comments on Bronfenbrenner's contribution to the field of human development as well as concluding remarks on humanism as a theory.Bronfenbrenner believes that learning and development are" facilitated by the participation of the developing person in progressively more complex patterns of reciprocal activity with someone with whom that person has developed a strong and enduring emotional attachment and when the balance of power gradually shifts in favour of the developing person"(Gardiner, 2005, p.60). To understanding children's development, Bronfenbrenner view is comparable to Vygotsky's, in that the individual's interactions with a sensitive teacher are a major determinant of his/her developmental progress.Bronfenbrenner urges that, instead of focusing most of our attention on the child, it is important to look also at the environment or setting in which the individual develop.Bronfenbrenner's ecological framework, are separated into six stages, which are the individual, microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem and the chronosystem.Firstly, in "the individual system and microsystem there is interaction between the individual person and the environment in the immediate setting. For example, when a mother interacts with other family members (children) at home" (Berger, 1998, p.16).In the third stage, which is the "mesosystem, is the interrelationship among the various settings in which the individual person is developing. For instance the mesosystem would include the mother's relationships among family, work and with friends (Berger, 1998, P.16). Following onto the next stage is the "exosystem which is the major social structures that impinges on the individual. This would include in my case, places like Bethlehem Campus, my neighbourhood , the mass media, and agencies of the government,( Winz) transportation facilities, and informal social networks(church)" (Berger, 1998, p.16). The second to last stage in Bronfenbrenner ecological system is the macrosystem, which is the "overarching institutional patterns of the culture or subculture, such as the economic, social, educational, legal and political systems, of all of the other systems that have previously been mention, are concrete manifestations"(Berger 1998, p.16)."The macrosystem is the source and carrier of the ideologies that affect everyone's development. For instance, how much value my European culture places on my children will influence how each one of my children are treated in every other setting."(Berger, 1998, p.16)The chronosystem is what "encompasses change or...

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