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Brown V. Board Of Education: Another Step Towards Change

1476 words - 6 pages

It is eye-opening that segregation can be dated all the way back to the year of 1814. Segregation is the separation of people according to their race, religion, or other group. Laws separating people were mostly found in the South right here in the United States. In this circumstance, people were segregated based on the color of their skin. Segregation was a popular practice in its early years, and many people took it very seriously. In 1955, the Brown vs. Board of Education court incident overturned the opposing court case of Plessy vs. Ferguson that created the issue of segregation and it outlawed segregation in schools. It not only changed schools and students then, but it is still affecting the system of education today.
In the first place, segregation was brought on by one single court lawsuit that resulted in the construction of laws requiring states to be segregated. The court claim was named Plessy v. Ferguson, and it was passed on May 18, 1896. When the case was approved, it created the Jim Crow laws that legalized the separation of people, such as African-Americans and whites, in public places, which included schools. Segregation in this matter seemed to place discrimination on the African-Americans for the most part. Even though the Fourteenth Amendment was drafted and granted political rights and equality to freed slaves and all citizens, it was argued that social equality was never implied. Therefore, the Jim Crow Laws were seen as constitutional and they were even enforced. The decision of the incident came to be known as the result of a widespread series of “separate but equal” facilities being built in the name of segregation (Yanak). Segregation became one of the quickest “trends” for people to latch onto and follow without any questions asked.
Segregation was quickly introduced, and easily accepted. During the first years of, it was seen as a tradition and it raised few questions (Landman). However, through the years as it gained strength, many legal problems regarding it were the most common subjects in the Supreme Court (History of Brown). The main issue with segregation was that many cases were found that claimed different school buildings for African-Americans and whites were obviously unequal, and it violated the “equal protection clause” of the Fourteenth Amendment (History of Brown). White schools were found to offer a better education to students, more overall activities, and the buildings were built more carefully. Overall, the schools did not compare in quality (Bravin). As people kept reporting the wrong-doings of the American government, some began to wonder how the students themselves felt. Tests were run on the African-American students who attended segregated schools, and the results found that they felt inferior compared to white students of their own age simply because of the segregation in their schools and hometowns (History of Brown). In addition to the inferior feeling, it was believed that segregating...

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