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Brown V. The Board Of Education Of Topeka, Kansas Was A Landmark Case About A Little Girl Named Linda Carol Brown And The Hardships She Took On Togo To A Different School.

1328 words - 5 pages

Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas was a landmark case in which the final ruling changed the lives of every United States citizen from the ruling until now because it desegregated all the schools in the country. The case was about a little girl, Linda Carol Brown, who was told she could not go to school at the school that was close to her own neighborhood. The cases ruling overturned that of one case that had been tried many years before. This case was Plessy v. Ferguson. The courts separate but equal doctrine was now annulled. Jim Crow Laws were also nixed. "In 1866 congress proposed the Fourteenth Amendment" (Tushnet 198). It would ensure that the conical Civil Rights Act would unquestionably be constitutional. The Civil Rights Act was rewritten to evade the discomforting questions that were bound to arise of a congressional attack upon State racial segregation laws. The Fourteenth Amendment, which was the Civil Right Act, was created to constitutionalize the Civil Rights Act of 1866 (Tushnet 198).Plessy v Ferguson was a Supreme Court case that was tried in 1896. This case was the first of its kind, the kind that was fighting the "Separate but Equal" act of congress, and segregation. This case came about because a man named Homer Plessy, who was a very small portion black, sat in the "whites only" section of the railroad car. When he was asked to move he was arrested on the spot, and charged with violating the Jim Crow Car Act of 1890. His lawyer defended him by stating that the "Louisiana statute which Plessy was arrested and charged with was null and void as a violation of both the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments" (Abraham and Perry 340). The case was ruled that the arrest was acceptable and not prejudiced because the whites were also being separated from the colored people and that it was not in violation of any constitutional amendment (Abraham and Perry 340; Goetz, "Brown v. board of Education of Topeka" 562).The Jim Crow laws restricted many of the rights of colored people in the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. In the mid 1880's a new series of laws began to be seen which segregated the white and non-white races. It started with the Jim Crow Car Act. This act was created to segregate railroad cars so that the black people and the white people wouldn't mix. It was "An Act to Promote the Comfort of Passengers" (Freedom and the Court p. 339). The act from Louisiana consisted of rules that the railroads had to follow. These rules made the railroads provide separate cars for the dark skinned people and the white people, and they had to be equal. It also said that no person was permissible sit in the coach seats of the opposite race. The act affected railroad transportation system, and then spread throughout other public amenities in society, such as schooling and voting ("Jim Crow Laws and Segregation", this was an internet source).Jim Crow Laws also restricted voting rights of the colored people. The voting...

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