Brown vs. Board of Education
Ever since the founding of the United States of America, blacks have continuously been considered inferior to the white race. In the year of 1954, a substantial advancement in the fight for equality for blacks was prevalent. Countless prominent leaders of the United States realized the injustices that the blacks were forced to endure daily. Stated blatantly in the Declaration of Independence, it is said that all men are created equally. Disregarding the opinions of the men in the South, people began to realize that it was time to truly consider every man who is a citizen of the United States as equals. A life where segregation was not prevalent in schools, restaurants, theatres, parks, buses, and all public facilities was once a dream for the blacks, but it soon became a reality. The Brown vs. Board of Education court case embodies freedom from segregation for the blacks and, most importantly, was able to drastically affect the views and opinions of the past and present citizens of the United States of America.
Before blacks were considered equals under the common law, they endured horrendous mistreatment and countless afflictions from the white men and women. When returning home from World War II, blacks were bombarded with hatred and discrimination even though they fought their hearts out in the war (Kallen 36). Sadly, in the Army, blacks had fewer rights and privileges than a German prisoner of war had. War veterans who returned home from the war were discouraged by the country’s social standards and questioned why they were supporting a discriminating country (Patterson 1). When slight improvements were made in the government, a life of equality and freedom shined bright in the hearts of the blacks. President Roosevelt passed the Fair Employment Act in the 40s, hoping to diminish discrimination in the job market, and a major court case was won that allowed blacks to vote in 1944 (Kallen 37). Although laws promoting equality were passed, they were merely considered nothing to the people who carried animosity toward the blacks. Living their daily lives under the policy of “Separate but Equal” (Kallen 37), the blacks were treated terribly by their fellow white neighbors. The “Separate but Equal” law, passed in 1896 by the Supreme Court, stated that blacks could be segregated from whites in all public facilities as long as other facilities that were equal in quality were provided (Kallen 37). Prohibited from performing in theatres, attending performances, riding in streetcars, using the restrooms, going to school, playing at the park, and eating at restaurants, blacks were completely segregated from their community by the enforcement of laws known as the Jim Crow Laws (Kallen 38). During this time, the blacks were tired of the oppression and the derision of their natural rights that they were receiving and it motivated many to make a change in society and to have a voice.
Causing unforeseen social unrest at levels...