"Congress shall make no law...abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press (U.S. Constitution)." Throughout the ages, censorship has shown up in various forms ranging from printed works to television and the Internet. It can have the positive effect of protecting children from things they are too immature to view, but it can also have negative effects. Censorship may even suppress new and different ideas, keeping them from being made public. It may also set limitations, which stifle the creativity of authors and prevent them from thoroughly expressing their ideas. However it states the government should not censor the people of this country. In the novel Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury the people in the town of Phoenix were censored.
A censor is an official or government entity that removes or restricts books, plays, the news media, etc. in order to hold back information or ideas that go against moral, political, religious, military, or other grounds that are considered objectionable. According to the censors they are only trying to protect three basic institutions: "the family, the church, and the state (Sherrow 13)." A type of censorship is called "closet censorship." This censorship is done quietly, individuals would write formal complaints to the school officials or quietly ask a librarian to remove a book. These complaints are normally looked into because officials are afraid of lawsuits (Sherrow15). However when parents complain officials then restrict a book and this book then becomes banned.
There are many books that have been put on a list for many years that has been banned or is banned from people or more likely children under the age of 17. These books were banned because one of the many officials, parents or censors considered it objectionable. A few of these books are Huckleberry Finn a novel by Mark Twain that was challenged by the NAACP because it contains the word `nigger' 39 times. They felt that the use of such an insulting word is harmful to the self-esteem of young African-American children. However the NAACP are not the only ones pushing for the banning of this book. A small group of parents have protested the book for the same purposes (Grossman).
Another novel The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare was banned in Michigan because it portrayed a negative image of Jews. However other novels of Shakespeare were challenged also because parents and officials thought that some characters depict a homosexual image (Ockerbloom). Although these books were banned it did not stop the inevitable. People will continue thinking about what is actually happening in the world and what is the government doing and are they hiding anything from the people.
Censorship has happened everywhere and happens everyday especially inside schools. In city schools there have been conflicts over what students should or should not learn. Censors decide that they should protect students from materials and activities...