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Brown Vs. Board Of Education: Impact On Equality

2561 words - 10 pages

In the 20th century, America was very different than the way it is today. Life as we know in this country today had had different struggles. Situations were very different but also more difficult for some Americans. One of these difficulties was racial segregation. Segregation brought inequality to many African Americans in this country and thus unable them to contribute to America’s strive for prosperity and power. And so in the mid 1900’s, African Americans decided that it was time to fight against the inequality that was taking place in their day-to-day life. One of the most significant fights against inequality was one certain Supreme Court case that would rid America of its inequality liability. The Supreme Court case, Brown Vs. Board of Education, impacted the United States socially and economically. It also impacted the civil rights movement. This case changed the way all Americans viewed segregation as the country was dealing with the liability of inequality.

Before the Brown vs. Board of Education, there had been another Supreme Court case that supported racial segregation. Segregation had been an all country issue. This case was the Plessey Vs. Ferguson case in 1896. Because of this case, Blacks everywhere were victims of racism and inequality mainly in the south. This was because in the south, more whites used a lot to justify their actions and beliefs against the black population in the States. One justification used for segregation was the Supreme Court case Plessy Vs. Ferguson. According to Benjamin H. Kiser’s The Impact of Brown Vs. Board of Education; “In Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court upheld a Louisiana statue requiring equal but separate railway seating for the white and colored races. The majority opinion, in justifying railroad segregation, relied heavily on the existence of the then unchallenged federal and state laws requiring racially separated school facilities” (Kiser, 2). This quotation from one of the volumes by Benjamin H. Kizer is explaining how the Plessy V. Ferguson case impacted the way many whites treated African Americans. The existence of segregation depended mainly because of this “unchallenged” Supreme Court case, as Kizer mentioned in his essay. And so because Plessy Vs. Ferguson had been a case trialed at the Supreme Court, it gave segregation just the significance it needed for it to be the justification whites used to treat the black population in America at the time. And so because “the Supreme Court affirmed the right of states to enforce racial segregation” (Francis), blacks everywhere in America were being treated unequally and harshly. This is where the Brown vs. Board of education comes in. The Brown Vs. Board of Education case is significant because it overruled the Plessy vs. Ferguson case, as stated in Karen Wolff’s From Plessy v. Ferguson to Brown v. Board of Education: The Supreme Court Rules on School Desegregation;
“The Brown decision was a landmark because it overturned the...

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