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Brown Vs. The Board Of Education Of Topeka, Kansas

1205 words - 5 pages

BROWN V. THE BOARD OF EDUCATIONAN ESSAY ABOUT A SUPREME COURT CASE THAT CHANGED OUR SEGREGATION LAWS IN THE US IN 1944. IT INCLUDES AN OUTLINE AND BIBLIOGRAPHY.BROWN V. THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF TOPEKA KANSASI. BackgroundA. SegregationB. African American View Of The CourtsC. Past Cases Involving African AmericansII. About Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka KansasA.Why It Was Brought UpB.The OutcomeIII. How The Trial Changed The Nation/ ConclusionA.It Changed The African American's View Of The CourtsB.It Changed The African American's RightsBrown v. The Board of Education of Topeka Kansas a Supreme Court case that has changed history. The case was about the segregation of public schools. Up until 1944, the school system was divided. There were "white" schools, and there were "colored" schools. These schools were in no way treated equally. The white schools got more funds for supplies, they got the best teachers, while the colored schools got few supplies and inexperienced teachers, not only were the schools unequal, but the black people were treated unfairly in all aspects of life. They were not allowed to sit in the front of busses, they were not allowed to use the same bathrooms as the white people, they were not allowed to eat at the same restaurants as the white people, there were infinite restrictions on the rights of black individuals (Removing a Badge of Slavery: The Record of Brown v. Board of Education pp.2). This was reality, however, some white people saw things differently, they thought that the back people were favored by the court system. Even a justice in this case knew that this was not at all true. This man's name was Justice John Marshall Harlan. In an emotional plea to the people of America he wrote:"...It is, I submit, scarcely just to say that the colored race has been the special favorite of the laws.... Today, it isthe colored race which is denied, by corporations and individuals wielding public authority, rightsfundamental in their freedom and citizenship. At somefuture time, it may be that some other race will fallunder the ban of race discrimination. If theconstitutional amendments be enforced,according to the intent with which, as I conceive,they were adopted, there cannot be, in this republic,any class of human beings in practical subjection toanother class, with power in the latter to dole outthe former just such privileges as they may choose togrant...."(From Brown To Bakke pp.17)What Justice Marshall is saying in this quote, is that in no way have the blacks never been favored in any way, not only have they not been favored, but they have always been treated as lesser people. In fact, in West Virginia, many ex-slaveholders wanted to limit courtroom juries to only white people. The courts, obviously, over ruled this. Before Brown V. The Board Of Education Of Topeka Kansas there were many other cases, some widely known and some unknown, involving the idea of segregation. They include: Skinner v. Oklahoma (1942),...

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