Architecture is the most visible way of art, and every building has a certain type of style that resembles
and tells the story of the time and place they were built in. Several movements took place during the
19th/20th Century. Some of the movements were:
Art Nouveau: It is characterized by having an abundance of odd shapes such arcs, curves, and designs.
This style was prominent particularly in Paris, where the artist Siegfried Bing displayed this kind of style
in the "Maison de l'Art Nouveau". The Art Nouveau artists were inspired in nature, such as flowers,
clouds, butterflies, marine creatures, as well as the female figure.
The Art Nouveau was well accepted in Mexican society because of its daring composition. Some
examples of this style in Mexico are the "Gran Hotel de México" and the "Roma" colony.
Arts and Crafts: This movement was similar to the Art Nouveau, although it began in Great Britain in the
late 19th Century. In architecture, the style advocated a return to the Gothic architecture in order to
restore the values missing in the industrialized world. "Perhaps nowhere else does art and architecture
capture this vernacular and cultural landscape as perfectly as is the case in New Mexico." (Cummings,
2001, p. 8)
Art Deco: Art Deco is a combination of many styles that already existed, but with a modern touch. One
of the most well-known Art Deco buildings around the world is the Chrysler Building in New York, which
includes materials such steel and aluminum.
One of the first examples of this type of architecture in Mexico was the "Alianza de Ferrocarrileros
Mexicanos" building by Vicente Mendiola in 1926. Later on, many buildings were made with this Art
Deco, which still is used to date.
Expressionist: This is perhaps the most eye-catching style from all. The style's characteristic contains
distorted shapes, use of concrete, lack of symmetry. The style reflects the emotion of the artist, hence
Brutalism: Brutalism flourished in Europe (England) in the mid-to-late 20th Century, after World War II.
This style was needed since communities needed a low-cost architecture to rebuild the cities.
History of Brutalism
Brutalism flourished in the 50s, in Europe. The term comes from the French phrase Béton Brut which
means "raw concrete". The most well known early Brutalist Architecture work around the world is
"Unité d'Habitation" by Le Corbusier.
The post - World War II society used this as a method to build low-cost housing, shopping centers, and
other public services. However, many architects chose this style even when having large budget, since
they appreciated the anti-bourgeois nature of style.
Brutalism was seen as an option for modern urban housing. Nevertheless, the buildings built with this
style lacked of many features of Corbusier's vision of this style, and instead a claustrophobic, crime-
ridden housing was developed. One example of this is the "Robin Hood Garden", which is a council...