Buddha Essay

1486 words - 6 pages

BUDDHA My report will be about Buddha's, Siddhartha Gautama's, life story. I will also go into detail about the chapter of Buddha in the book Makers of World History and what each different author had to say about Buddha. I will also show how the values of the Indian civilization were influenced by the teachings of Buddha.Prince Siddhartha Gautama, who would later be known as Buddha, was born in Sakaya India around the year 567 BC. He was the son of two important great people. Siddhartha's father's name was Shuddhodana, the King of the Sakyas. His mother, Queen Mahamaya, was fearless in heart and full of grace and virtue. Siddhartha Gautama got his name from one of his mother's dreams. Her dream was that an elephant with six tusks, carrying a flower in its trunk, touched the right side of Queen Mahamaya's body. That was when Buddha was miraculously conceived. When she told her husband about her dream, he called Brahmins, or taught men, to interpret it. They predicted that the child one-day would be the greatest king in the world or the greatest ascetic in the world. So that's why they called him Siddhartha, meaning "he who's accomplished." Later on Buddha married Yasodhara, who was the daughter of on of the King's ministers. Buddha and his new wife had a child about a year after they got married. They named their son Rahula.A few years later Buddha asked his charioteer to take him for a ride throughout the city. While riding he saw three things he had never seen before. One was an elder man, another was a man suffering from illness, and finally he saw a dead body surrounded by mourners. Since he had never seen anything like that before he asked his charioteer what was wrong. He responded and told the Prince that "this is the final end of all living creatures: be it a mean man, a man of middle state, or a noble, destruction is fixed to all in this world." Once again Buddha asked his charioteer to take him out into the city again and this time he was to see the last of four images that would change his life forever. The last sight he saw was a wandering old holy man with no possessions. His head was completely shaved and he was wearing a yellow robe. The Prince stopped and talked to him. The holy man said some inspiring words to the Prince. When Buddha got home that night he kissed his family goodbye and ordered his charioteer to take him out of the city. When he came to the edge of a forest he got rid of his prized possessions, shaved his head and beard, put on the yellow robe of the old man, and gave his clothes and jewelry to his charioteer and told him to bring it back to his father. According to legend he left his family and wealth to find the cause of human misery.Next Buddha traveled throughout the northeastern part of India, seeking out holy men, who taught him ancient Indian techniques of meditation. Even though meditation was important to him, his main quest was to find the answer to the problem of suffering. He wanted to know why they...

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