Buddhims Prinicpal Beliefs, Core Ethical Teachings And Sacred Texts Year 12 Assignment

1732 words - 7 pages

Buddhism; Principal beliefs, Sacred Texts and Core Ethical Teachings and how they influence the life of adherents
Buddhism is an immanent religious tradition, which began as a branch developed from Hindu thought and practice around 2500 years ago. Buddhism focuses on personal spiritual development as Buddhists seek to reach the state of Nirvana, following the path of the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, who went on a quest for enlightenment around the sixth century BC. Buddhism upholds principal beliefs such as the three jewels, four noble truths, eightfold path, karma, samsara and nirvana. Core ethical teachings such as the five precepts and the vina Yana and sacred texts including Tripitaka, lotus of the good law and Tibetan book of the dead play a fundamental role in the life of Buddhist adherents, which they act as a stepping-stone in order to live a life of peace and to reach the state of Nirvana.
Principal beliefs
The Three Jewels
The three jewels are key to the Buddhist Philosophy. The three jewels consist of the Buddha, the Dharma [teachings] and the sangha [community]. The significance of the Buddha’s teaching is that suffering in the world has a cause and in which he would overcome it and it is argued by the followers of Buddhism that people suffer due to the lack of understanding of their true nature and through the personal experiences. The second jewel, the Dharma, essentially means the Buddha spoke, as they are recited in rituals such as the four noble truths, eightfold path and accounts of teachings that the Buddha passed on his disciples. The role of the Dharma affects how an adherent must act and do in life to be a true believer, which fully understands and comprehends the Buddha's teachings. The Sangha is the third jewel and consists of monks nuns in monasteries. The Sangha’s role in relation to adherents is that being part of a community allows a person to understand the values, goals and perspective on life that the Buddha’s teachings influenced the central aspect of Buddhism.
Four noble truths
The four noble truths are very significant since the concept of enlightenment lead to the formation of the truths when the Buddha found the cause and suffering of life under the Bodhi tree through mediation, which ultimately became one of the most important principal beliefs in Buddhism. The first noble truth is known as the ‘dukkha’ and highlights that suffering exists. The Buddha’s insight was that life is a struggle, and we do not find ultimate happiness or satisfaction in anything we experience as he identified this as the problem of existence. The second noble truth focuses on that suffering is on the rise. The Buddha taught that people suffer because they desire and all that can be desired is impermanent, ultimately unobtainable, so disappointment leads of suffering. The third noble truth states that there is a way out of suffering which surrounds the idea of Nirvana and enlightenment. The Buddha believed that Nirvana could be reached...

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