Buddhism is a well-known world religion, a religion that touch people heart with it great compassion together with the notion to spread the seed of wisdom to all sentient beings, to help them reach their enlightenment state, so that they can be liberate from the samsaric (suffering) world. However, to understand the teaching of Buddhism, we needed to know who is the founder, where is it originated, it teaching, and it history. Through these, we can be able to grasp the fundamental ideas or the basic teachings such as the Four Noble Truth and The Noble Eightfold Path.
About 2500 years ago, in the Indo Nepalese region in the city called Kapilavathu, “Siddhartha” (later become the Buddha) was born in a royal family father Sakya Sudhodana and mother Maya. The prince grew up under the king shadow, and was literate in every-ways to become the future king.
At the age of nineteen, the king arranged a marriage of the prince to the most beautiful princess named Yasodhara and later gave birth to a son (Rahula). The prince was kept amused and happy for sometimes until one day he encountered an old man, a sick person, a death person and an enlightened monk. Through the encounters, the prince saw “suffering” naturally occur to all sentient being. This occurrences had awakened the prince mind, therefore, had deepened his quest in search for the truth.
At the age of twenty-nine, to seek for true happiness to liberate all sentient being, the prince left his family and became a monk. During his sought for the truth, the prince encountered two masters whom taught him the practice of deep meditation, after practicing with the two masters for a while. The prince realized this was not what he was seeking. Therefore, he went on searching and searching. At a deer park, Siddhartha met the five brothers practicing asceticism. Here, he joined them in the practice of the ascetic life. The practice was very intense “he reduced his food intake to a few drop of bean soup a day.” After six years of practice, the prince realized that ascetic way is not the right way and went off to nearby near a river.
Refreshing himself by bathed in the river and accepted a bowl of food from the hand of Sujata (a maid from nearby village). After eaten, the prince sat under a Bodhi tree alone and vow that he will never leave the place unless attain enlightenment. Right here the prince began meditate for forty-nine days, attained enlightenment, and became The Buddha. From then, the Buddha went on, teaches for forty-five years, and passed into Nirvana at the age of eighty.
However, Today the question such as “what is the meaning of life?” that every now and then pops up in our mind has the results such as suffering, sorrow, and disappointment. Hence, the question came afterward is how can we get rid of this suffering, disappointment and sorrow? About 2500 years ago, the Buddha has realised the ultimate problem that all sentient being faced is suffering,...