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Buddhism And Hinduism, Nature Of The Divine

1135 words - 5 pages

Malavolta 2
Buddhism and Hinduism, Nature of the Divine
Marcus Malavolta
Mr. Morelli
December 18 th
2013

Malavolta 2
Buddhism and Hinduism, Nature of the Divine
Buddhism and Hinduism are both very intriguing religions that are similar in many ways,
and are almost identical in their belief of the afterlife. Both religions believe in reincarnation,
reincarnation is the reappearance or revitalization of someone or something in another form
(Thefreedictionary 1). Buddhists and Hindus believe that after death, the human body returns to
earth in another form, however, this form is not completely random. There are five different
forms that a person can be reincarnated into; the lowest, is the untouchable form. To move into
the next form, a person must fulfill their dharma throughout their whole life. If they do in fact
fulfill their dharma, they will be reincarnated into the next highest form after their life is over.
Once the person has fulfilled their dharma in each caste they will achieve moksha or nirvana, a
greater state of being.
In Buddhism the goal of one's life is to achieve moksha, this can only be achieved once a
Buddhist passes through each of the castes. The five castes are from lowest to highest are
Untouchable, Sudras, Vaishyas, Kshatriyas and Brahmans. A person in the untouchable caste has
jobs such as having to kill or dispose of dead cattle or pursuing activities that bring the
participant into contact with emissions of the human body (Britannica) all in all, it is the worst
caste to be in. The caste above the untouchable caste, is the Sudra caste; most people that are In
this caste are very poor, they have jobs such as washing and shoemaking (Britannica), both the
untouchable caste and the Sudra caste are not great castes to be in. Above these two castes comes
the Vaishya caste, people who belong to this caste have responsibilities such as raising cattle and
farming (Szczepanski). Next is the second highest caste, the Kshatriya caste, people in this caste
are the warriors whose jobs are to protect India. The last and highest ranked caste is the Brahman
caste this caste and people who belong to the Kshatriya caste are really the only people that are

Malavolta 2
able to live average lives. People who belong to the Brahman caste have occupations such as
teachers and priests. Once a person has passed through these five castes they then achieve
Moksha. Moksha is the end of Samsara; the cycle of death and rebirth (The colours of India) if a
Buddhist is able to achieve Moksha they will fall into a state of enlightenment and self-
realization (The colours of India).
In Hinduism the caste system is also used, however the caste system in Hinduism is a
little bit different. In Hinduism, the caste system involves animals, plants and other items in
nature. Each Hindu starts as a regular human. If one fulfills their dharma as a human, they move
up into the next caste; if they are able to fulfill their dharma in that caste they then achieve...

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