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Buddhism: History And Beliefs. Essay

1466 words - 6 pages

The practices and beliefs of Buddhism have evolved much since it was founded by Gautama Siddhartha, an Ex prince of India who had left home in search of answers. Buddhism originated in India, the religion begun around 500 BCE. Buddhism is the teachings of the Buddha, who believed in more of a moral code rather than religion. Buddhism goes by the law of Karma, meaning one person’s deeds stack up depending on the moral ground the person is standing upon.
The Buddha, Gautama Siddhartha, was unsatisfied with his surroundings and wished to find the answers of existence. Siddhartha wandered for six years and during that time, had gained enlightenment. However Gautama did not want to or desire to share the teachings and wisdom he had gained over the 6 year journey but was convinced by someone called the Brahman Sahamatpati. The Buddha known by his real name as Gautama Siddhartha, spread and preached teachings and wisdom throughout multiple towns in India. The thing Gautama taught was what was explained as “the Four Noble Truths”. The Four Noble truths are based around the suffering of man, following closely with The Eightfold path. These Four Noble truths are as follow, 1. Truth of suffering. 2. Truth of the cause of suffering. 3. Truth of cessation of suffering. 4. Truth of the path, which is the Eightfold path also the final noble truth. What do these truths mean exactly? Well the truth of suffering is the idea that all types of sufferings Physical and Mental are in our daily life constantly. The second truth, the truth of the cause of suffering is the idea that craving something is what causes suffering like craving material objects, pleasant experiences and eternal lives, the main cause of craving is ignorance, mainly the ignorance of the self. The third truth is the truth of cessation of suffering, has a very broad perspective, this includes the immediate end of suffering and good fortunes in future lives. Truth number 4 is the truth of the path, which is quite literally the Eightfold path. The Eightfold path is the path leading to the end of suffering, every step within the eightfold path is dependent on one another and are related, the eight steps are, 1. Right understanding. 2. Right thought. 3. Right speech. 4. Right action. 5. Right livelihood. 6. Right effort. 7. Right mindfulness. 8. Right concentration.
Like many religions during that time period Siddhartha had repudiated many religious assumption. There were also multiple religions that Gautama did not accept and claimed they were false, he also did not accept the caste system, or put great importance in ritual. India’s cast system was one that had made it so that the poor stay poor and the rich stay rich, at the top of the system was the Brahmin the religious leaders and then it went to the wealthy nobles, the middle class, finally going to the lower class. Siddhartha had pushed for personal discipline but gave lots of movement room into what a person could consider what was morally...

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