Buddhism, Jainism And Hinudism Essay

1337 words - 5 pages

Jainism, in many respect, is the most prominent religion in India, it is also associated with other major religions e.g. Hinduism and Buddhism. In the past, it was considered that Jainism was a stem either of Buddhism or of Hinduism. However, nowadays it is a well-known reality that Jainism is a separate religion of India but not a branch of either Buddhism or Hinduism. It is accepted that Jainism is the primordial religion of India. As Jainism, Hinduism and Buddhism, are the most prominent religions of India, and have existed side by side for many centuries, it is accepted that they have impacted one another in several ways. Similarities are evident in images of paradise, earth and hell, and faith in the verity of the teachers of religion. Various issues like clothing and curios, occupations and professions, sports and amusements, sacraments and rituals, speech and journalism, stance on life and character, religious festivals and fasts, are a range of common practices among Jainas and Hindus. Certain castes have their members in the Hindus and the Jainas as well as marital relations to a certain extent (McKay, Hill, Buckler,Ebrey,Beck, Crowsto and Wiesner-Hanks, 2009, p.0).
Buddha viewed as very progressive was an all the rage of Mahavira and came from the same social class. Just like Mahavira he was born to a leader of one of the communities in the Himalayan slopes in what is now Nepal. Discontented with his days of placate at age 29, and concerned by the anguish he saw around him, like mahavira he left his residence to become a peripatetic ascetic. While he was meditating under a Bo tree, he became enlightened and gained an ideal insight into the systems of the universe. He emphasized a middle-way amid asceticism and worldly life (Ibbetson,et al. ,1991). Budha travelled through the Ganges Valley in a similar experience like mahavira in Jainism for 45 years, giving out his thoughts, refuting his distracters and attracting followers. Buddha spread his message in the local language, magadhai, instead of Sanskrit, which was increasingly becoming a religious language in Hinduism (Dowling, and Scarlett, 2006, p. 27). The assumption is that for the reason that Buddha refused to identify with the celestial power of the Vedas and disregarded sacrifices, he involved supporters generally from among business people and artisans more voluntarily than Brahmans. His main point summed up the Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path. These Truths are: Pain and suffering, disappointment and nervousness are unattractive and unavoidable parts of human life. He further noted that suffering and anxiety are result from human wishes and attachments. Human beings can recognize these weaknesses and overcome them. This victory is made possible by pursuing a simple convention of behavior, envisaged in the Eightfold Path. The fundamental wisdom of Buddhism is hence psychological. He emphasized the need to refrain from taking life, profound reflection on the impermanence and...

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