Bullying In Schools Essay

2259 words - 9 pages

BullyingBullying is a form of aggression and is usually defined as the act of intimidating a weaker person to make them do something while discouraging and frightening them with threats of a most domineering manner.Randall (1997) describes bullying as "the aggressive behaviour arising from the deliberate intent to cause physical and psychological distress to others". Another descriptive definition of bullying is Besag's (1989) which represents a good recognition of the principal elements of bullying: "Bullying is repeated attacks - physical, psychological, social or verbal - by those in a position of power, which is formally or situationally defined, on those who are powerless to resist, with the intention of causing distress for their own gain or gratification". Bullying consists of a wide range of coercive behaviours that can often be classified into verbal and physical bullying. Physical bullying includes hitting, pushing, holding and various others hostile gestures. Verbal bullying on the other hand includes threatening, humiliating, degrading, teasing, name-calling, put-downs, sarcasm, staring and ostracizing. There is also indirect bullying which includes spreading nasty stories about someone, gossiping or excluding people from social groups like games. Recently another form of bullying has become popular, which is called cyber bullying where actions like sending nasty emails, texts or making nasty phone calls are directed especially to weaker people.Recently there's been much increased awareness of bullying in schools and whilst it may appear that bullying is on the increase, many suspect there's been little change in the amount of bullying that goes on in school. What has changed is that society is at last beginning to recognise just how vile bullying is and that the myths and misperceptions are just that - myths and misperceptions. Those who perpetuate these myths are choosing to be part of the problem, not the solution.It seems that children bully for a variety of reasons and when dealing with child bullying it's essential to identify who is the bully at the centre of the violence - there's usually one person who's the gang leader - and the reasons for bullying normally include frustration where the student is impaired in some way and is frustrated and resentful because the source of the difficulty has not been identified - problems can include deafness, dyslexia, autism, allergy, or some unidentified learning difficulty. Nevertheless the child is expected to perform at the level required by the school and no attempt is made to identify the source of the frustration. There are also cases where the buly himself is being bullied, the responsible adults have repeatedly failed in their duty of care, so the child slowly and reluctantly starts to exhibit aggressive behaviours because that's the only way to survive in this bullying climate. Bulies normally have a poor or no role model whatsoever. If the child has no role model at home, or a...

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