This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Bupropion, Naltrexone, And Food Addiction Essay

3396 words - 14 pages

Anti-addiction Medicines, Bupropion and Naltrexone, Could be Used to Treat the Obesity Related to Food Addiction
Associated with a variety of serious health problems, including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer, obesity has become a serious problem in the USA where over a third of adults are now obese (Makowski, Gwinn & Hurren, 2011, p. 489). However, there are not many effective drugs available for treating obesity. In fact, the last obesity drug to be approved in the United States was Xenical® in 1999 (Pollack, 2011). This drug, despite being the only medicine for long-term obesity treatments, is rarely used (Pollack, 2011). In light of recent evidence suggesting a link between obesity and addiction, anti-addiction medicines such as bupropion and naltrexone are being investigated for their potential to treat obesity (Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc., 2013). Because of the relationship between obesity and food addiction, the similarities of food addiction and drug addiction, and the effectiveness of bupropion and naltrexone in weight losing of some type of obesity, anti-addiction drugs could be promising in treating the obesity caused by food addiction.
Before undertaking this investigation, clear definitions and assessments of food addiction and obesity are necessary. Food addiction is defined as “a chronic relapsing problem caused by various fundamental factors that encourage craving for” food or food additives to “obtain a state of heightened pleasure, energy, or excitement” (Tartar, Ammerman & Ott, 1998; Gold & Sternbach, 1984, as cited in Liu, von Deneen, Kobeissy & Gold, 2013, p. 134). At present, the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS; Gearhardt et al., 2009, as cited in Clark & Saules, 2013, p. 217), which is a survey of 27 items related to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV criteria (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 2000, as cited in Clark & Saules, 2013, p. 217), is the most widely used tool for examining food addiction. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012), an adult who is considered “obese” has a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher according to their height and weight.
Turning to the relationship between food addiction and obesity, an increasingly accepted view of this relationship is that food addiction can cause overeating, which can lead to obesity. A selection of recent experiments can support this perspective. One study conducted on 652 adults from the general population illustrates that clinical symptoms of food addiction show a positive correlation with body composition measurements, and obesity measurements were significantly higher in food addicts than in people without a food addiction (Pedram et al., 2013). This scientific study provides evidence that there is a causal relationship between food addiction and obesity. Also, some other scientists share the same conclusion that food addiction may lead to a high prevalence of obesity (Wilson, 2010;...

Find Another Essay On Bupropion, Naltrexone, and Food Addiction

Treatment Of Substance Use Disorders Essay

1691 words - 7 pages treatments for nicotine are nicotine replacements, bupropion, and varenicline. Most of those are nicotine-receptor agonists. Opioids are treated with methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone. Most are agonists at opioid receptors. Cocaine and cannabis is treated with medication not FDA approved, such as modafinil and dronabinol. The pharmacological interventions are brought in at two phases, the detoxification and maintenance stages. Detoxification

paper

903 words - 4 pages individual drinks an alcoholic beverage. Naltrexone blocks good feelings that alcohol causes and may prevent heavy drinking and reduce the urge to drink. Lastly, acamprosate (Campral) may help an individual combat alcoholic cravings, (Mayo Clinic). Other alternative medicines include yoga for breathing, exercise and stress management, meditation, and acupuncture for reducing anxiety and depression. Addiction to drugs or alcohol is a serious problem

Substance Addiction

2365 words - 10 pages -administration and cannot serve as the sole explanation for substance addiction. Furthermore, these theories indicated that drug self-administration could be interpreted as a behavior controlled by positive rewards without the need to implicate a disease process (Kauffman & Poulin, 1996). It has been shown that many addictive drugs cause the release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, just like rewards such as food, sex, or gambling. It is

Drug Strained Brain

1338 words - 6 pages Some people are convinced that a lack of will power is at the root of drug addiction, but I believe that it is linked to a brain disease. In most cases, the use of drugs begins voluntarily. However, using drugs persistently over time results in a brain disease, which alters the function and structure of the brain (“We Can Conquer Drug Addiction”). Addiction can be more than a brain abnormality; genetics can play a role in the likelihood of

In depth look into the Heroin epidemic - Nevada State College - Research

2516 words - 11 pages ), buprenorphine (partial agonist), and naltrexone (receptor antagonist) have all been shown to be safe and effective when administered with an integrated treatment plan based on a proactive care approach and includes preventative services, relapse prevention support, frequent monitoring, and regular therapy to address the chronic nature of addiction (Tai, 2013). The Chronic Care Approach (CCA) encompasses all of these vital elements and if primary care

Heroin addiction in Cognitive Behavioral and Biological perspective - 40 MDIS - Homework Assignment

2695 words - 11 pages Introduction Drug addiction is commonly term as brain disease which is severe and relapsing as it engage in compulsive behaviour in drug pleasure by seeking it despite the harmful consequences that follows (Lesiuk et al., 2010). Drugs alter normal brain arrangement and role that making quitting it very hard to achieve (Gould, 2010). The addiction makes them lose the ability of restricting themselves to resist the urges to consume the substances

Varenicline Pharmaceutical of the Future

1305 words - 5 pages and doctors alike can prove its damaging effects. Smoking continues today because of addiction, something so powerful and difficult to overcome that a person usually needs help. This so-called help can come from many things including, but not limited to, the more common patches and lozenges, and the less conventional use of hypnosis. Although the fore mentioned methods do work on occasion, their success rates are far from stellar and their

Understanding the Neurological Effects of Alcohol Addiction

999 words - 4 pages response to withdrawal symptoms and is approved for anti-craving therapy (Lesch et al., 2011). Another popular medication used in anti-craving therapy is Naltrexone which blocks certain opioid receptors in the brain. Naltrexone also indirectly inhibits the main neurotransmitter involved in addiction, dopamine, by reducing its’ release in the striatum which reduces the effects of ethanol on the brain(Lesch et al., 2011). Typical Allied Health

Alcoholism- How Alcohol Affects the Body and Mind

2362 words - 9 pages . Alcoholism can be defined as a habitual intoxication or, the prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks, leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol. Symptoms of alcoholism include, but are not limited to: confusion, drinking alone, making excuses to drink, neglecting to eat, not caring for physical appearance, lack of control over drinking and episodes of violence while drinking. Some physical signs of alcoholism are

Exploring Different Kinds of Drugs

3596 words - 14 pages , cheap and not as devastating to the mind. Another drug that is useful in treating heroin addiction is Naltrexone (Narcan). Naltrexone blocks the action of heroin in the brain, so that if the addict takes Naltrexone, an injection of heroin will have no effect. Since Heroin is a drug of escape, those who tend to become addicted to it need escape. Those who do not want escape tend not to like heroin and, therefore, do

Behavior Change Theories and Strategies

1200 words - 5 pages choice to quit smoking.They are lured into smoking and then stuck with a behaviour they can't easily control.(Vries,Mudde&Dijkstra,2000) The transtheoritical model developed by Prochaska and Diclemente(1984) from their research in addiction studies proposes that lasting behaviour change be achieved through cognitiveely based therapy to assist people to move towards the maintenance stage of a positive health behaviour such as

Similar Essays

Food Addiction And Obesity Essay

1078 words - 5 pages Food addiction and obesity Mohannad alrosan Dr. Amy Bracken Psychology 117 3/17/2014 Addictive drugs like nicotine and cocaine and heroin, all can rewire the brain to crave the satisfaction that these agents produce. The desire becomes so strong that it starts to take over the body and it no longer becomes for pleasure and it becomes a need for your body. Now likewise, some people argue that some foods have the same power and effects

Anti Addiction Medicines Could Be Used To Treat The Obesity Related To Food Addiction

3087 words - 12 pages obesity treatments (Pollack, 2011, February 1). Currently, there is some evidence shown the link between obesity and addiction. Thus, some anti-addiction medicines, for instance, bupropion and naltrexone, have been proposed and investigated to treat obesity (Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc., 2013, February 8). Because of the relationship between obesity and food addiction, the similarities of food addiction and drug addiction, and the effectiveness of

Pharmacotherapy In Drug Addiction Essay

1460 words - 6 pages Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban), Disulfiram (Antabuse), Naltrexone (ReVia, Depade), Methadone (Dolophine), and Buprenorphine (Temgesic, Suboxone). Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban) is used in the Pharmacotherapy of Nicotine Addiction. Bupropion is an anti-depressant that stimulates a release of a chemical called dopamine in the reward center area of the brain that causes pleasure (Healthwise, 2009). When an individual smokes, dopamine is released

Question:Is Nicotine Replacement Therapy Effective In Helping People Quit Tobacco Smoking?

1409 words - 6 pages in the long term. This is the predominant basis for the inclusion of the antidepressant bupropion in this study and is the same basis for the results obtained by Hurt et al(2) on their use of an antidepressant, the liberal use of such antidepressants raise ethical issues like the possible long term addiction or abuse of these substances once made largely available, their availability, and the regulation of their distribution all need to be