Burns: The Human Skin Essay

2377 words - 10 pages

“Living with Burn Trauma,” an online article, states that “human skin is the largest organ of the body.” It provides many functions which assist humans to survive. What happens if this vital organ is destroyed? This is a question with which thousands of Americans are challenged annually. In the United States alone, 4,000 people die in burn accidents or from complications of burn injuries (“Prevention”). One common misconception is that burn victims have all come into contact with flames. Burns result from fires, electricity, hot liquids, chemicals, and even ultraviolet rays. Seeking medical attention for a proper diagnosis is critical to ensuring quality treatment and management of burns. Burn Centers have been established to help patients adapt to life after burns, which can be a great challenge. In today’s society, hospitals and medical professionals can treat burn victims, but the best remedy for burns is prevention.
Burns are caused by many different factors. Heat burns are caused by fire, steam, hot objects, electricity, ultraviolet rays and hot liquids (Living With Burn Trauma). According to “Prevention,” an online article, the “Leading causes of fire and burn death and injury for older adults are smoking, cooking, scalds, electrical, and heating.” When one is burned, a instinct called “fight or flight” catalyzes. “Fight or Flight” causes one’s breathing and pulse to increase. When this happens, their adrenal glands release a hormone that causes pain to diminish causing some to vaguely remember their accident (Living With Burn Trauma). Many times because a victim begins to breathe rapidly, they can experience respiratory complications from the burns often resulting in respiratory failure (“First Aid and Emergencies”).
Human skin is organized in three layers: epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous. Under the subcutaneous layer is muscle. Doctors use these layers to diagnosis the degree of a victims burns. Burn severity is measured into four degrees. First degree burns injure the epidermal layer. Second degree burns can be classified as superficial partial thickness and deep partial thickness which injures the epidermal and dermal layers. Third degree or full thickness burns injure all layers of the skin (“First Aid and Emergencies”). Furthermore, fourth degree burns burn skin, muscle, ligaments, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, and even bones (Living with Burn Trauma).
First degree burns are the most common type of burns. This type of burns injures the first layer of the skin called the epidermis. The epidermis is composed of squamos cells, which are flat, scale-like cells (Living with Burn Trauma). A victim that has a first degree burn has pink or red skin color and painful swelling. Typically, these burns will heal without scars. Healing occurs rapidly because the skin cells multiply causing a new skin layer to be regenerated (Living with Burn Trauma). According to “Hamilton General Hospital,” a PDF file, first degree burns will usually...

Find Another Essay On Burns: The Human Skin

Plastic Surgeon Fiona Wood, Inventor of Cellspray

932 words - 4 pages Plastic surgeon Dr Fiona Wood and medical scientist Ms Marie Stoner have created a revolutionary treatment for burns victims called CellSpray®. It involves culturing the cells from a small piece of the patient's skin, and then spraying the resulting suspension onto the wound. The live skin cells quickly multiply to cover the damaged area, and the potential for scarring and infection are greatly reduced. In addition, because the covering is

How to Treat a Burn Essay

959 words - 4 pages How to Treat a Burn Burns are classified in three categories according to their severity. First-Degree Burns affect the outer layer of the skin, first-degree burns cause pain, redness, and swelling. They usually do not require medical attention. Second-Degree Burns affect both the outer and underlying layer of the skin, causing pain, redness, swelling, and blistering. Third-Degree Burns Severe tissue damage is evident involving the skin

Melanoma Skin Cancer

1170 words - 5 pages The largest organ of the human body is your skin. It is your body’s first line of defense against infections, injuries, heat, and sunlight. It also helps in controlling the temperature of your body and getting rid of the excess water and salt by sweating it out. Skin cancer is also known as cancer of the sun. Excessive amounts of ultra violet lights affect your skin in negative ways, possibly leading to Melanoma skin cancer. Melanoma is the most

Explain the development of surgery during the two world wars.

2074 words - 8 pages unlike Gillies, he was more interested in treating burns using his own skin graft technique ("Medicine and World War Two"). One of the veteran military surgeon, John T. Hayes recalls, "The care of burns became a real science during WWII" (Wounded in Action). During WWII, he worked at a burns unit in Queen Victoria Hospital ("Medicine and World War Two"). Most of the patients at his units were fighter pilots, suffering from serious burns

Ban The Burns

1070 words - 5 pages can cause severe burns if the light is to great in a short amount of time. You can damage your eye sight by harming the lens and cornea of the eye, from the radiation. Along with over exposure leading to early development of cataracts. Skin can become blotchy and cause age spots from tanning. Additionally, the color of your skin can vary, leaving the skin tinted orange or brown in color. UV exposure can cause wrinkles, early aging, and the

Cobalt syntheis

1176 words - 5 pages to help the drying of crystals.8. take crystals to evaporating dish and dry in electric oven at 110°C for one hour.9. After it's dry, weigh and record the product mass. Place in test tube with stopper until next lab.MSDSHydrochloric acid (concentrated)Section 2:Hazard IdentificationHazard class: Skin and eye damage, corrosion or irritation (Category 1). Causes severe skin and eye burns and damage (H314+H318). Do not breathe mist, vapors or

Third-Degree Burns

2891 words - 12 pages . A patient with full thickness burns will require a skin graft. There are two main sources of skin grafts. Autografts are taken from the patient’s body while allografts result from other human donors—usually frozen cadaver skin. During an autograft, a piece of the child’s unburned skin is removed to cover the burned area. Full thickness burns usually receive full-thickness grafts, meaning both the epidermis and part of the dermis are taken. It

Preventing Infection In Burn Patients

1904 words - 8 pages ). Radiation burns are when an individual is burned with radiation, such as when one looks at an ultraviolet light this can burn the eyes severely. Chemical burns are when an individual is burned with some sort of chemical, such as having any sort of strong acidic substance poured upon the skin. For these burns there are many different kinds of recommendations on how to treat these burns each one being different. One of the biggest concerns in the end

Face Transplants

611 words - 2 pages would l allow the surgeon to mold the new face and tissue to the persons head, which is suppose to be a closer resemblance than the way it is done now. A face transplant is not going to save somebody's life, or even extend a persons life. One of the most difficult things to transplant on the human body is skin, and it is very sensitive to tissue form another persons body. Doctors also say that patients who undergo the surgery are going to have a

Should Animal Testing be Banned?

987 words - 4 pages likely objection to animal testing being unethical would be that animals get pain drugs while testing. This may be true, however, wouldn’t it be wonderful if humans could make animal testing obsolete? We have already made it obsolete. Lastly, the most dominate reason animal testing should be banned is because we have better alternatives. One of the breakthroughs in non-animal testing is human skin and tissue cultures. ”Epiderm and EpiSkin are

The Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome

1275 words - 5 pages different; however, they are all very important, no matter the severity of the burn. When it comes to major burns, they typically do not heal. The elasticity that was once present in the dermis is now gone, leaving the skin to feel as a hard leather surface with destroyed nerve endings. Burns can often lead to infections if they are not treated for properly. Managing a burn is important. Cleaning the burn wound is first, and then followed by

Similar Essays

The Human Significance Of Skin Essay

1073 words - 4 pages THE HUMAN SIGNIFICANCE OF SKIN      Skin is often over looked and under appreciated by all of us. We live our lives habitually without realizing what an amazing and important role skin plays in our every day routine. Our skin protects us from many things, keeps us informed of our surroundings and makes us aware of many dangers present. The sense of touch is our most developed feeling and the predecessor of all of our

The Evolution Of Human Skin Color

1028 words - 4 pages significant changes within a species. Human beings are no exception to biological evolution. Like other organisms around the world, humans have significantly changed overtime and have developed all sorts of diverse characteristics. One noticeable characteristic of human beings is the variation of skin color. Skin color has been used to identify, classify, and verify the variation that exists in the human population around the world. How did such a

How Burns Heal. Essay

556 words - 2 pages BurnsA burn is an injury caused by excessive energy transferred to the body. There are fourdifferent kinds of burns. The first type of burn is a thermal burn. A thermal burn is caused by anexternal heat source that causes the temperature of the skin and tissue cells in the skin to risewhich causes the cells to get damaged or die. Thermal burns are usually caused by coming incontact with open flames, hot metals, or scalding liquids. The second

Information On Burns Essay

573 words - 2 pages that can burn the skin and eyes on contact. Household items can cause chemical burns if applied to the eyes. Some examples are, cleansers, lawn and garden spray, paint remover, and household bleach. These items will continue to burn until they are removed. To remove them flush eyes with cool water until professional help arrives. Start removing the chemical as soon as possible. Part VI: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree burns.1st degree burns. 1st