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Business Essay

4806 words - 19 pages

Chapter 07 - Foreign Direct Investment
Foreign Direct InvestmentLearning objectivesBe familiar with current trends regarding FDI in the world economy.Understand the different theories of foreign direct investment.Appreciate how political ideology shapes a government's attitudes towards FDI.Understand the benefits and costs of FDI to home and host countries.Be able to discuss the range of policy instruments that governments use to influence FDI.Articulate the implications for management practice of theory and government policies associated with FDI.The focus of this chapter is foreign direct investment (FDI). The growth of foreign direct investment in the last 25 years has been phenomenal. FDI can take the form of a foreign firm buying a firm in a different country, or deciding to invest in a different country by building operations there.With FDI, a firm has a significant ownership in a foreign operation and the potential to affect managerial decisions of the operation.The goal of our coverage of FDI is to understand the pattern of FDI that occurs between countries, and why firms undertake FDI and become multinational in their operations as well as why firms undertake FDI rather than simply exporting products or licensing their know-how.The opening case describes the international growth of Starbucks. The closing case explores Cemex's foreign investments.OUTLINE OF CHAPTER 7: FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTOpening Case: Starbucks' Foreign Direct InvestmentIntroductionForeign Direct Investment in the World EconomyTrends in FDIThe Direction of FDIThe Form of FDI: Acquisitions versus Greenfield InvestmentsThe Shift to ServicesCountry Focus: Foreign Direct Investment in ChinaTheories of Foreign Direct InvestmentWhy Foreign Direct Investment?The Pattern of Foreign Direct InvestmentThe Eclectic ParadigmPolitical Ideology and Foreign Direct InvestmentThe Radical ViewThe Free Market ViewPragmatic NationalismShifting IdeologyManagement Focus: DP World and the United StatesBenefits and Costs of FDIHost Country BenefitsHost Country CostsHome Country BenefitsHome Country CostsInternational Trade Theory and FDIGovernment Policy Instruments and FDIHost Country PoliciesInternational Institutions and the Liberalization of FDIImplications for ManagersThe Theory of FDIGovernment PolicyChapter SummaryCritical Thinking and Discussion QuestionsClosing Case: Cemex's Foreign Direct InvestmentCLASSROOM DISCUSSION POINTAsk students for examples of foreign firms that have invested in the U.S. Jot them down on the board.Then, discuss why these companies invested in the U.S. Try to follow the framework presented in the text, and refer back to the board during the presentation of the material.Next, explore what the investment means for the U.S.OPENING CASE: Starbucks' Foreign Direct InvestmentThe opening case explores Starbucks' global expansion. Although concentrating originally on the franchising method of expansion and licensing of its products, Starbucks later pursued other...

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