By Kamran Zafar
1. Constantine finds new capital- Emperor Diacletion realized that the empire was too big for one man to rule it so he divided the empire into a tetrarchy. Young Constantine rose to power in the west when his father, Constantius, died. The ambitious ruler defeated his rival, Maxentius, for power at the battle of Milvian Bridge and became sole emperor of the west in 312 CE. When Lucinius assumed power in the east in 313 CE, Constantine challenged and ultimately defeated him at the Battle of Chrysopolis, thereby reuniting the empire. Constantine was unsure where to locate his new capital. He decided it was best to locate his new city at the site of old Byzantium, claiming it to be a New Rome.
2. The empire is split in half- The Roman Empire grew to be huge. It covered most of Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia. Just getting messages from Rome to the outer parts of the Empire took weeks. The Empire had become too large to rule effectively. The outer provinces were pretty much doing whatever they wanted. Emperor Diocletian was looking for a way to fix this and other problems. He decided that the only thing to do was to actually break the empire into two pieces. One piece would be the western empire, based in Rome. The other would be the eastern empire, based in Byzantium. There would be two emperors, one in charge of each piece, working together against outside enemies, but each ruling their half separately.
3. Constantinople is captured- On May 29, 1453 a 70,000 man Ottoman Turkish army attacked Constantinople. Under the leadership of Mehmed ll,...