Chemistry is involved everywhere in our daily life, in our genes, in the air we breathe, and even in our food. This project is intended to discuss one of the most significant chemical compounds present in food which is Caffeine. The term Caffeine is widely used in health magazines, TV programs and in newspapers, but to what exactly does the term (Caffeine) refer to? What is its chemical composition? And how does this chemical compound interferes with our daily life without we even notice? Substances that contain Caffeine are often used as stimulants, how does Caffeine achieve this function in the human body? And most importantly, what is the historical background of caffeine? The project will go through all the previously mentioned points along with the associated details.
Caffeine is one stimulant that most people take daily doses of. It is sometimes referred to as the (energy portion of the day)! As caffeine was traced through history, we included a brief historical background that satisfies the curiosity of the reader. On the molecular level, Caffeine has some properties that help in determining its structure. Being such an efficient molecule, it definitely incorporates other molecules. Other molecules, such as adenosine, are involved in caffeine’s mechanism of action. The project discusses in details the relationship between adenosine and caffeine, and how do they work together to accomplish such effects. Moreover, the project explains some applications in which we use caffeine and the associated symptoms along with encountering caffeine.
2. Historical Background:
It is surprising to say that humans had recognized the effect of Caffeine since ages. They used to chew some seeds and plant leaves for obtaining a higher level of mental awareness and for staying in an alert state of mind. Although they did not really understand what these leaves contained, but it became widely known between them due to its effects. The Chinese people and the Arabs were the first nations who had encountered caffeine in their daily life. There is a mythology that says that a Chinese Emperor named Shennong was the first one to drink tea as he noticed its great smell once a leaf of tea fell into a bowl of hot water by mistake! He also liked the effects of the resulted drink, and ever since drinking tea became a habit among people.
Later on, and during the 9th century, plants that contained Caffeine were a topic of research for a Muslim physician called Al-Razi. He wrote down notes in his books regarding coffee as a substance that results in vitality for both humans and animals. Soon later, his knowledge was widely known in Persia. In addition, a person called Al-jaziri, mentioned that some Muslim people named Sufis (Singular: Sufi) used coffee to stay awake all night to do their prayers as coffee helped them to stay alert for long periods of time. Some mythologies say that Yemen is the home of origin for coffee and that it was exported from...