This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Calvin: Reform And Its Effect On Work In Daily Life In Sixteenth Century Geneva

1957 words - 8 pages

Calvin: Reform and Its Effect on Work in Daily Life in Sixteenth Century Geneva The fifteenth and sixteenth centuries were one of the most turbulent times in the history of Western Europe. The practices of the Roman Catholic Church dissatisfied some thinkers (many of whom were clergymen themselves) began an intellectual reexamination of not just the practices but the very ideological and theological foundations of the Church itself. Calling into questions such issues as the role of faith and "works," these intellectuals began a movement that would eventually cause a split in Catholicism. This movement was the Reformation and it (and the eventual schism) would give birth to the Protestant branch of Christianity. One of the intellectuals who influenced the Reformation and Protestantism the most during the sixteenth century was John Calvin (1509 - 1564). Calvin developed what he believed was the most correct interpretation of God's word. Calvin explicated the notion of predestination, which is the belief that God already knows one's ultimate destination, in terms of salvation (saved or damned to Hell). He believed that nothing could affect one's salvation, not even devout faith or complete devotion to God (and certainly no amount of good works or indulgences), as none but God Himself can know His divine will or change it. Regardless, he believed that all Christians must praise and love God for his perfect wisdom, justice and mercy. They must live the life of the Elect (those whom God has already chosen as saved), whether they are truly saved or not, in order to create the perfect Christian community. Those who lived in this perfect Christian community (in this case, Geneva in the Swiss Confederation during the mid-sixteenth century) must obey the strict rules that he and the Consistory (the town religious leaders) set forth. Calvin's reforms affected many aspects of people's lives and some of Calvin's reforms changed a key aspect of people's lives in Geneva in the mid-sixteenth century: how they worked and labored on a day to day basis. There is ample evidence in Calvin's own writings and in the research of other scholars that Calvin's ideas changed how people worked on a day to day basis by creating a strong work ethic that made the people of Geneva more hardworking and efficient as well as creating a society which had some members who worked different types of jobs as other people in Early Modern European cities.John Calvin highly valued a strong work ethic and there is evidence in both his own writings and other scholars' analysis of his writings that his values reflected this value. Calvin believed that Christ taught that "men were created for activity" and that they were not to "sink into laziness." So, it is clear that honest, hard work was important to Calvin because it is something that he lifted straight from Scripture and to Calvin, instruction from Scripture was paramount to all else. Alexandre Ganoczy wrote an essay about social life in...

Find Another Essay On Calvin: Reform and Its Effect on Work in Daily Life in Sixteenth Century Geneva

Technology's Effect on Daily Life Essay

756 words - 4 pages other sites to communicate with customers. Answering questions is now done on live chat, or through a private message. They don't even supply us with an office phone anymore. Even in society, phones have completely lost their first purpose, now mainly being used for only texting and social media. Sometimes I don't know how these younger generations now in 2045 do it. But silly me, they have grown surrounded by social media and advanced technology

Calvin and Martins effect on changing religion

781 words - 4 pages John Calvin and Martin Luther were both Protestant reformers in the sixteenth century who jump started the Reformation. They were both very committed to God however they approached it at somewhat different angles. The differences between these two became a battle between predestination and justification by faith alone. Along with that there was a generation gap in between them that may have caused John Calvin’s difference in views compared to

The Impact of Legislation on the Problem of Poverty in the Sixteenth Century

2704 words - 11 pages The Impact of Legislation on the Problem of Poverty in the Sixteenth Century The legislation for poverty in the sixteenth century was affected by a concoction of factors. The most prominent ones being, the conducting of the legislation, the changes in belief, and attitude of the people and the economy. The impact of the legislation is so difficult to measure as there were a number of local schemes, which emerged at the

Perception and Stereotypes in Our Daily Life

1473 words - 6 pages Life is based on a series of different perceptions. Human beings often attach opinions, sentiments and value judgments to every moment or incident in their life and this is mostly done unintentionally. Most of the times, these opinions are fixed and are stored in their minds for a long period of time. They then stay there, unbending and inflexible. Although a common perception is that because a phenomenon exists, it must be grounded in truth and

Reformation in Geneva

1349 words - 6 pages evangelist Guillaume Farel to carry out the religious reformation (Wallace, 2004, p.104). Calvin and Farel meet each other in Geneva around this time and pushed for greater authority. The European Reformation tell us a little more about the Calvin’s vision, whilst Peter G. Wallace gives us more information on the magistracy’s vision for the Geneva. As pointed out in The European Reformation: Calvin makes the point that only members of the true

Changes in the Role of Women Between the Sixteenth and the Twentieth Century

1411 words - 6 pages Over long periods of time change is often inevitable. One such instance of change throughout history is that of family members and their role in not only the family, but also in society as a whole. Although changes can be seen in the roles of every family member, it can be argued that the role of women in the family, especially that of mothers, changed the most. Between the sixteenth century and the twentieth century, the role that mothers

Divorce and its effect on family life

2326 words - 9 pages Ironically not too long ago, "divorce" was forbidden, unaccepted, and considered as an act of sin among married couples. This situation has reversed in our contemporary world whereby the stigma once associated with divorce has eroded, while its massive effects on women and subsequently family life continues to grow at overwhelming proportions.Divorce is one of the most painful and unwelcome public topics one can address in our modern world. When

Human Culture and Its Effect on Life

1423 words - 6 pages the established culture that would allow that kind of treatment to people of a different race. Religion is a big example of culture, people are raised with a knowledge of how certain religions work and that’s the culture human beings are raised with. They are told how to eat, who to talk to, what to say and where to go on days of the week. The belief that there is a higher being out there is real because for as long as can be remembered

The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei

1167 words - 5 pages by himself, preaching, and beginning work on the Institutes of the Christian Religion, which turned out to be an instant best seller. By 1536, he had stopped work in the Roman Catholic Church, and made plans to leave France for good. He planned on leaving France and heading over to Strasbourg. However, due to the war between Francis I and Charles V, Calvin decided to make a detour to Geneva. Calvin was a huge success in Geneva. Farel, a

Sex Outside of Marriage in Sixteenth Century Colonial Latin America

1378 words - 6 pages Sex Outside of Marriage in Sixteenth Century Colonial Latin America Sexuality was an aspect of life that many religions struggled with in various cultures and religions throughout history and the Catholic Church in sixteenth century Colonial Latin America was no different. The Catholic Church made marriage into a sacrament and it created this sacrament in part to control and regulate when, where, and how sex should take place. The Church decreed

Neoplatonism in Shakespeare and its Effect on Modern Literature

2392 words - 10 pages Neoplatonism in Shakespeare and its Effect on Modern Literature Few writers have managed to enter the world-wide public consciousness as well as Shakespeare; everyone knows his name and can terribly misquote his plays. Yet, for all his popularity, many of his critics have called him unlearned, saying his plays are entertaining but shallow. These same critics often point at the many inconsistencies of his writing, claiming that Shakespeare was

Similar Essays

Successful Learners And Its Effect On The Work Environment

1043 words - 5 pages person does the same job constantly, he will become a proficient in doing that exact part of the entire job. Therefore, the advantages of specialization will become obtainable. My father applies the principle of division of labor in his work. And it is not only applies to the workers but also similarly to the manager. For instance, if a manager works on the same kind of activities for a long time, he will indeed be a professional in his specific

Everyday Life In Sixteenth Century France

1061 words - 4 pages changed, and the role people had in their jobs and family life change drastically. In the sixteenth century France was mainly a farming country. People lived in small communities and rarely died in a town other than where they were born (Gildea 42). Family life was quit simple, men married when they inherited land from their fathers or if a women’s family had land to give him. Women were around the ages of twenty-six to twenty seven when they

Birth And Survival Of The Anabaptists In The Sixteenth Century

1890 words - 8 pages Throughout the sixteenth-century, the Church experienced a split within the belief system. After the Protestant reformation, beginning in 1517, some Protestants were still not content with all of the rules and doctrines that were set by the Catholic Church. As a result, some continued the reformation, going further than Luther, Calvin and others had begun. In 1525, a group separated themselves and became known as the Anabaptists. The

Despite Its Reform Agenda, "Looking Backward"Is A Deeply Conservative Work. Discuss

4052 words - 16 pages opportunities to all. This Utopian society reflects a lot of Communist ideals with everybody working for "˜the industrial army' (pg. 124) and getting the same back in return. There does seem to be more reform but the conservatism is quite obscured, so therefore less noticeable.Looking Backward's 2000 is radically different from the "˜Gilded Age' in its look, views on life and money. The people are different and through technology Bellamy has