Cambodia Cultural Profile Essay

2308 words - 10 pages

Cambodia is officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia is situated in the southern Asia, in the southern part of the Indonesian Peninsula, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. In Cambodia the dominant religion is Buddhism and it is very important in the culture, religion is an important factor and influences in a high degree on the culture. Besides he Cambodian culture is known to be traditional and based on honouring their ancestors and living life with honesty, humility and kindness. It is important to known that Khmer refers to “a noun or adjective can refer to the Cambodian language, people, or culture and thus suggests an ethnic and linguistic identity more than a political entity” , so more than the Cambodian culture is the Khmer culture being studied and analyse, for having at the end a large degree in understanding of this unique culture.

Khmer is the official language of Cambodia, and it is used in most social contexts (Government, education and Media), it is spoken by more or less the 90% of the population although the other 10% speak other languages, but as in every language it has different dialects and this can be differ by the region. The dialect from Phnom Pehn, the capital is considered the dominant and right one. The Khmer language belong to the Austroasiatic language family and it is related to Vietnamese and Thai languages, but at the same time due to the French Colonization there exist numerous French words that have been incorporated into the language. Besides it has been conclude that Khmer writing have derived from the Indian system, this shows that Cambodian neighbours have a huge impact in their culture as well as the influence of religion, because in all Theravada Buddhist scriptures are in Thai language. The way Cambodians communicate depends on the status/rank of the person they are talking to are part of; this is why it is important for them to know what rank are the people they are trying to communicate part of, because the way the communicate can be very different depending on the rank. This means is you talk formal or informal or the way of use of verbs, name of body parts and pronouns change when talking to a “higher” rank person (Royalty, Monks and elder), than to a “lower” rank person (intimates, friends and younger people). In “Khmer word for “sleep” used between intimates is keing, used in reference to animal is deik, to those of a higher social status is somrann, to the royal family is somrann, and to monks is soeng” . With this example we can see that Khmer culture can be consider a high degree Power Distance (PDI) culture in Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions. Power Distance explains how the society handles inequalities along the people, and so cultures with high degree of PDI accept hierarchical order and they understand their own “rank” with any further questioning; they have a clear delineation between superiors and...

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