Introduction- Beauty and Darkness
Cambodian is one of the newest influxes of immigrants from Southeast Asia. The beauty and the darkness of Cambodia imprinted in history. Cambodia, a country of fertile land and dotted rice fields, of famous and breath taking monuments and ancient temples, of arts and crafts, cultural attractions, and most definitely a history like no other. This is the country that exhibits one of the seven wonders of the world- that is the famous Angkor Wat. Angkor Wat, the largest religious monument that had ever built, significantly in Cambodia. This ancient ruin attracts millions of tourist from all over the world.
Unfortunately, set aside all of those captured beauty that Cambodia has, at one point in time in its history; darkness devoured this fragile nation and turned it upside down. This peaceful nation was once ruled by the French as part of French Indochina. With the struggled that Cambodian government undertaken to restore balanced and granting their nation’s independence back from the European colonization, they paid a price. The years of sad and worn out history of this nation’s corrupt government, turmoil, and followed by years of civil war thus making them in a state of dire emergence. Furthermore, with their bordering neighbor’s war, Vietnam, with the United States, Cambodia was slowly dragged into the state of darkness during the Nixon Administration. The Nixon administration conducted secret bombings in Cambodia in the early 1970’s because Vietnam forces had their bases camped in the Cambodian province. As a result of this misleading casualty, it led to the rise of the Khmer Rouge leader, Pol Pot. His influence gained many fellow native supports in Cambodia. Pol Pot and his entourage brought down the Country to its darkest time in its history. The sovereignty of the Khmer Rouge reigned for four years, from 1975 to 1979. The aftermath of this mass genocide made Cambodia known for its infamous “Killing Fields” during the time of Pol Pot and his men. Last but not least, the genocide nearly exterminated the population of two million Cambodians out of six millions (Yale University, 2003).
According to Public Broadcasting Service, PBS, Vietnamese forces infiltrated into Cambodia in 1978. The Vietnamese goal was to put an end to the genocide caused by the Khmer Rouge. As a result, hundreds of thousands of Cambodian refugees escaped the mass continuum horror and fled to the border of Thailand. From that point and there, in 1979, refugee camps were established in the border of Thailand and sponsored by the United States for their involvement of the secret bombings in the early 1970’s (PBS, Online Source).
Today, the once beauty of peace and balanced nation of Cambodia is still
struggling to overcome its dark history. Even after the post war was over, excess numbers of landmines are yet to professionally remove. These landmines are still scattered in deep forests of Cambodia, serving as dangerous...