Assessment Task Two – Year 11 Agriculture Farm Case Study
Name: Camden park environmental education centre and Elizabeth Macarthur agricultural institute, number 9 dairy
Location: Camden Park
Farm area: 1,600 hectares but only 400 hectares are used as farm land
The land was traditionally used by the Cubbitch Bata a smaller group of aboriginal Australians from the larger Dharwad group. In the very early year of European settlement two bulls and 4 cows found their way to this part of the land, drawings of these animals have been found in the local aboriginal art. The aboriginals used “fire stick” farming to encourage new growth and caught eels and fish local rivers. The Macarthur family who arrived here with the first fleet founded the farm. Then in 1975 the Department of primary industries took over control of the farm.
The hottest average temperature of the dairy is 23.7 degrees and the lowest average being 10.1 degrees. These averages have been taken over the last 39 years.
On the dairy a large amount of water is required to keep it running, growing and producing.
Water is needed for washing milking machinery and holding yards, drinking water for cattle and workers, watering crops and pastures and water to mix with chemicals.
The areas in which the water is found stored and collected include, dams that can be found all over the property, water tanks and a supply from the town water. Water from the holding yard is recycled.
Vegetation pastures and forage crop
The natural vegetation that originally existed on the farm was mainly bushland and small shrubs.
Natural pastures that can be found on the farm today include kangaroo grass, wallaby grass and umbrella grass.
The more popular pasture is the improved pasture these being clover, chicory, Perennial Ryegrass and Kikuyu.
The farmers sew the land with seeds in March to make sure there is plenty of food for their cattle. There is currently 20kg per ha.
A fodder crop is also harvested to be used as silage. One type is maize.
· silk like when water is added and mouldable
· it is a reasonably fertile
· average pH of 7
· mixture of clay rock and mineral
· highly fertile
· good depth
· easily eroded
· the main production on the farm is the cattle and dairy
· the main types of cattle used are Holstein Friesians and Illawarra
· there are 155 milking cows, 90 replacement heifers, 40 calves, 3 bulls and 60 dry cows
· at the moment the average milk yield per cow is 30-35 litres per lactation
· with an average butterfat content of 3.95% and average protein content of 3.15%
· the farm is paid 46c per raw litre
· Milk is the main product produced at the farm. Many other products could potentially be made at the farm with the correct machinery (e.g. cheese, yogurt, cream, butter, milk and frozen desserts.)
· Each cow...