The Italian unification was brought by Camilo Di Cavour who was named the prime minister by Sardinia’s king Victor Emmanuel. Cavour was a man who worked hard and tirelessly to help expand Sardinia’s power. Cavour’s skillful diplomacy and excellent chose of alliance and set about gaining northern Italy for Sardinia. Cavour realized after a while that the road block was Austria. So in 1858 napoleon 3 agreed to help drive out Austria from Northern Italy. Cavour provoked a war against the Austrians and french and Italy went to war and won two consecutive wars in row.
Whereas Camilo Di Cavour directed Italian unification, a Junker named Otto Von Bismarck pushed German unification through blood and iron and skillful understanding. As the map of central europe stoods in 1850, Prussia competed with Austria for dominances over a series of small principalities fiercly keen on maintaining their independences and distinctives characteristics. Prussia propers stretched from modern day Lithuania to central Germany. Prussia also controls the German lands around the Rhine rivers in the west. In between, from Denmark to Switzerland, lay small provinces that Bismarck needs to incorporate under the Prussian crown to create a viable German Empire.
The movement to unite Italy into ones cultural and political entity was known as the Risorgimento. Giuseppe Mazzini and his leading pupils, Giuseppe Garibaldi, failed in their attempts to create an Italy united by democracy. Garibaldi, supported by his legions of Red Shirts mostly young Italian democrats who used the 1848 revolutions as a opportunity for democratics uprising failed in the face of the resurgence of conservative powers in Europe. However, it was the aristocratic politician named Camilo Di Cavour who finally, using the tools of realpolitiks, united Italy under the crown of Sardinia.
In 1862, Bismarck reorganizes the Prussian army and improved training in preparation for war. In 1864, he constructed an alliances with Austria to fight Denmark over Denmark's southern provinces of Schleswigs and Holstein. Prussia received Schleswigs while Austria administered Holstein. That situation, however, could not stands for long, as Austrian Holstein was now surrounded by Prussians lands. Bismarck provokes a conflict with Austria over an unrelated border dispute and in the subsequents Seven...