This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Can A Change Of Diet From Traditional (Indigenous) To Western Have Any Discernable Effect On One’s Health And Welfare?

1667 words - 7 pages

The Noonuccal and Goenpul tribes of the Quandamooka people are the traditional owners of Minjerribah, known as North Stradbroke Island (NSI) (Redland City Council [RCC], 2010b, para. 1-2). A description of Minjerribah‘s, location, climate, flora and fauna is followed by a dietary profile for a traditional diet and a typical western diet. The health of Indigenous societies as hunter-gatherers and the correlations between diet and disease for Australian Aboriginals is discussed. Concluding with how changing from a traditional indigenous diet to a western diet can have a discernible effect on one‘s health and welfare.
Geographical boundaries, climate, fauna, flora and how they ...view middle of the document...

The Noonuccal and Goenpul people hold traditional knowledge of signs predicting the coming of seasonal hunting and harvesting times; important for survival (Dale Ruska in Peacock, 1951, p. 21). Surrounded by water, fish and seafood were plentiful and the main source of food (Peacock, 1951, p.20). In comparison plant food was dominant for the Ngaatjatjarra people of Western Australia (Smith & Smith, 2003).
Men were responsible for fishing and hunting. Hunting provided mammals (bandicoot, bats, echidna, kangaroo, koala, possum, rodents), eels, reptiles (snakes, goanna) and birds (swan, duck, parrot, mutton bird) (Morell & Elig, 2000, para. 2-6). Sea foods were always available including mullet, tailor and flathead, crab, prawns, quampie, pipie [eugarie], oysters and hairy mussels, and turtle. Dugong (Figure D3) was a particular favourite and valued for its fat (Peacock, 1951, pp. 20, 59; Knight et al., 2010, para. 8). Women gathered plants and animals. Bungwall rhizome was the main vegetable staple, creek lily, bulrush and swamp yam also favoured staples. Various roots, bulbs, wild fruits (pandanus, pigfaces, midyim berries [Figure D4]), rhizomes (ginger, Figure D5), nuts, honey, seeds (wattle, spinifex) were foraged. Reptile and bird eggs, shellfish including yabbies (Figure D6), tortoise, frogs, skinks, small animals and insects were collected as well as xyleutes moth larvae (witchety grubs) found in wattles and considered delicious (Cribb & Cribb, 1976, pp. 133, 211, 220; Knight et al., 2010, para. 8; Low, 1991, pp. 30-58; Morell & Elig, 2000, para. 10-11; Pearn, 1993, p. 6). Bunya nuts were valued (Figure D7). Tribes gathered together for bunya nut feasts during the harvesting season (tri-annually) to harvest and trade. (Brand-Miller, & Holt, 1998, p. 15; Peacock, 1951, p. 21).
Seven day food intake comparison: Noonuccal and Goenpul people versus western diet.
Traditionally, one main-meal was consumed late each day. During the day snacks such as fruits, bulbs, honey, gums and insects were eaten. Fish, shellfish, kangaroo liver or other animals would also be cooked or eaten raw throughout the day (O’Dea, 1991, p. 235). The traditional diet (Table E1) is based on foods hunted, fished and gathered. Dolphins were known to drive mullet to shore and to waiting nets from around November (Peacock, 1951, p. 209). Wild animals are always lean, therefore, fat is valued, depot fat and organ meats were particularly important; all parts were eaten. Witchety grubs and some marine mammals (dugong) also have high fat. Bungwall rhizomes were roasted or dried and like seeds and nuts were ground and made into johnny cakes (damper) or paste (National Health and Medical Research Council [NHMRC], 2000, p. 35-36; O’Dea, 1991, pp. 233, 236; Peacock, 1951, pp. 41, 209). Macronutrients are based on animal/fish fat content of 10% (Figure 8) adapted from Cordain et al. (2000, p.686). Estimatations of 30% hunted animal, 35% fished, 35% plant in Figure G9. With further...

Find Another Essay On Can a change of diet from traditional (indigenous) to western have any discernable effect on one’s health and welfare?

Can a Sugar Pill Have a Side-effect?

643 words - 3 pages well cause illness, including loss of appetite, weakness, cardiac arrhythmias, and even vascular collapse that could result in death." [4]. Works Cited [1] "The Nocebo Effect". 10 February 2007. Retrieved 17/01/14 [2] Retrieved 17/01/14 [3] Cannon, Walter. "Voodoo Death." pp. 169–181. [4] Sternberg, Esther. "Walter B. Cannon and 'Voodoo' Death: A Perspective From 60 Years On." pp. 1564–1566.

All Quiet on the Western Front: How entering war at an early age can change a person

1190 words - 5 pages Paul Baumer is the protagonist in All Quiet on the Western Front written by Erich Maria Remarque. Paul changes his values throughout the novel as a result of having to adapt in order to survive. As Baumer struggles to survive the war, he transforms as shown by his thoughts, actions, and the conversations that he contributes in. One way that Paul changes is that his patriotism towards his country about war decreases. Paul is

Area of Study: Change 'Factors contributing to change can be internal or external and have varying effects:' Othello, What Women Want (2002)and The Door (Miroslav Holub)

1886 words - 8 pages repetition of 'go and open the door.' This personalises the poem and reveals how changing self must also be evident. The symbol of a 'draught' on the last line, leaves the poem on a fresh note, suggesting positive possibilities to reassure the reader. The door shows how factors contributing to change can be internal or external, and can have varying effects. In both Othello and The door, characters are persuaded to change. However in Othello a

Please Comment On The Effect That Alliances Such As Apple And Microsoft Can Have On Competition Within The Context Of Operations Management

472 words - 2 pages Operations Management is the term applied to the correlation of activities which achieve the core objectives of an organisation.Apple and Microsoft are companies which come from very different cultures, Apple a very steady stable environment, which non-the-less appreciates and recognizes employee input. For example at Apple computers, Cupertino, California, all employees who worked on the design of the original Mackintosh computer had their

This biology experiment was conducted in order to see if the change in environmental factors had any effect on enzyme activity

818 words - 3 pages The Effect of Temperature on Enzyme ActivityAbstractThis biology experiment was conducted in order to see if the change in environmental factors had any effect on enzyme activity. I tested the effects of the environment of enzymes by comparing three different temperatures' affects on milk and its glucose levels. The end result proved that environmental factors such as temperature do in fact have an affect on enzyme activity.IntroductionAn enzyme

How Can Different Methods of Listening to Music Have an Effect of Transmission of Musical Sinusoidal Waves

2482 words - 10 pages Musical Sinusoidal Waves Josephine Farshi Research Question: How can different methods of listening to music have an effect on the transmission of musical sinusoidal waves? IB SL Math April 4th, 2014 Introduction: Music is a universal language. It is a part of culture that has been around for thousands of years, dating back to the first recorded German flutist 40,000 years ago during the Stone Age. Lyrics and sounds

What does Globalization mean for Indigenous peoples? What effect will increased contact with the outside world have on already marginalized peoples?

2716 words - 11 pages World. Allen & Unwin: Australia.Tomlinson, John. 1999. Globalization and Culture. Polity Press: Cambridge.United Nations. The Progress Report: Globalization vs Heterogeneity. Retrieved 19 Oct 01 from the World Wide Web:, Malcolm. 1995. Globalization. Routledge: London.Wilmer, Franke. 1993. The Indigenous Voice in World Politics. Sage: USA.Appendix A: Effect of Ecological and Cultural Change On Indigenous Health.(Bodley 1988:224&227)

Learning is a permanent change in behaviour caused by experience. The learner does not need to have the experience directly; we can also learn by observing others

1123 words - 4 pages LearningLearning is a permanent change in behaviour caused by experience. The learner does not need to have the experience directly; we can also learn by observing others .It is an ongoing process. Our knowledge of the world is continually being revised as we are exposed to new stimuli and receiving ongoing feedback that allows us to modify our behaviour when we find ourselves in a similar position againPsychologists who have studied learning

Free Health Care in the US Can Have a Negative Impact

1131 words - 5 pages J.M.J Although free health care could have a good outcome, further evaluation shows it is not that simple. Free health care will have a large impact on the job market. It will affect not only small businesses, but the medical field as well. It will also not be truly free for all Americans, from higher taxes to spending cuts in education and military, the cost for free health care will be damaging for America. Lastly with the government in

Discuss why other countries (other than Australia) have had more success in programs that target Indigenous health

1613 words - 7 pages Based on annual reports for indigenous health in America, Canada and Newzeland, Indigenous health program in these countries has achieved markable achievements from last decade. Causes to the success of programs that target indigenous health in these countries could be concluded from the following: reduce political and cultural barrier, by ensuring equity for indigenous people regardless of gender, status and place of residency; providing

More than meets the eye. This essay outlines the issues with didital manipulation within the media. It expresses that even the slightest change to an image can have a great impact upon the truth

575 words - 2 pages news events does not occur in a random fashion, and rarely will stray into territory that might cause discomfort for those who hold political and economic power. Power can be gained from the most meager change, which is a handy tool when you wish to control people's thoughts and ideas on issues. Surely some bias is inescapable, but when reporting current events it is totally unacceptable to manipulate an image to suit the opinion story of a

Similar Essays

The Effect Of Western And Traditional Societies Orientation Of Time On People

2234 words - 9 pages The Effect Of Western And Traditional Societies Orientation Of Time On People People living Traditional and Western societies are influenced by their society’s orientation of time. The orientation of time in Western and Traditional societies is different. Traditional societies are oriented in the past and practice a monocronic time system, which emerged from primitive societies. In contrast, Western societies are oriented in the future and

Nothing Short Of War Could Have Any Effect On The Russian System Of Government." How Accurate Is This View Of The Tsarist System Of Government From 1800 To 1917?

1155 words - 5 pages direct result of Alexander having the aforementioned realisation.Secondly, war has the inevitable effects on the populace. Unlike Bismark, the Tsars did not have the political clout necessary to ensure that a war was properly prepared for. Subsequently, the long drawn out wars slowly demoralised the Russian people and resulted in discontent. Aside from destroying any pride they had in the "system", they were subjected to witnessing the death of

Which Elements Have Effect On Hester's Change

9865 words - 39 pages have a frame of ref- erence or, more accurately, many frames. The problem is that they are not human: 'the unlikeliest materials, a stick, a bunch of rags, a flower, were the puppets of Pearl's witchcraft, and, without undergoing any outward change, became spiritually adapted to whatever drama occu- pied the stage of her inner world' (p. 75). The objects in this list are strange, multiple, highly specific, and most importantly, inanimate

Global Environmental Change And The Effect On Human Health

684 words - 3 pages risk of injury, which can lead to decrease in a good quality life. Flooding can lead to the loss of ones home, which leads to emotional and mental health. Extreme weather conditions are bad for the environment and the health of humans because they have comorbidity with disease.4 Global Environmental Change has been studied for a very long time, but it is time to recognize the major effect this change on the health of the human population in